Ab initio investigation of the atomic volume, thermal expansion, and formation energy of WTi solid solutions

Rishi Bodlos, Thomas Dengg, Andrei V. Ruban, Mohammad Dehghani, Lorenz Romaner, J. Spitaler

Publikation: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftArtikelForschungBegutachtung

Abstract

WTi is used as an adhesive layer in integrated circuit devices. The temperature dependent mechanical properties of WTi are still largely unexplored. In this paper we investigate WTi solid solutions with density functional theory calculations to determine the temperature and concentration dependent behavior of volume and coefficient of thermal expansion. The coefficient of thermal expansion is analyzed in terms of the bulk modulus, heat capacity, and Grüneisen parameter. Furthermore, we gain insight into the bonding of the system via investigation of the electronic structure, phonon density of states, and analysis of the formation energy. Low Ti concentrations lead to strong W-Ti bonding, as manifested in additional high frequency peaks in the phonon density of states. As a consequence, deviations from Vegard's law are found at low Ti concentrations, with a minimum of the lattice constant at about 15 at. % Ti. The CTE as a function of Ti concentration shows a negative trend at low temperatures and Ti concentrations, which is related to a strong decrease of heat capacity. Finally we show that the Debye-Grüneisen model yields results for WTi comparable to the quasiharmonic approach at a fraction of the computational cost.

OriginalspracheEnglisch
Aufsatznummer043601
Seiten (von - bis)1-10
FachzeitschriftPhysical review materials
Jahrgang5
Ausgabenummer4
DOIs
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - Apr. 2021

Bibliographische Notiz

Funding Information:
The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support under the scope of the COMET program within the K2 Center “Integrated Computational Material, Process and Product Engineering (IC-MPPE)” (Project No. 859480). This program was supported by the Austrian Federal Ministries for Climate Action, Environment, Energy, Mobility, Innovation and Technology (BMK) and for Digital and Economic Affairs (BMDW), represented by the Austrian research funding association (FFG), and the federal states of Styria, Upper Austria, and Tyrol.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 authors. Published by the American Physical Society. Published by the American Physical Society under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license. Further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the published article's title, journal citation, and DOI.

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