CoCrFeMnNi high-entropy alloy (HEA)/AISI 316L stainless steel bimetals were additively fabricated using selective laser melting (SLM). The bimetal structure comprises three regions, i.e., CoCrFeMnNi-HEA, AISI 316L stainless steel, and an interface between CoCrFeMnNi-HEA, AISI 316L stainless steel. SLM processing results in the formation of columnar grains extending over many built layers epitaxially in a preferential growth direction. The Vickers microhardness ranges mainly between 250 and 275 HV0.5 in all three observed regions. In addition, only a marginal variation in tensile strength is observed between the CoCrFeMnNi-HEA, AISI 316L stainless steel, and the CoCrFeMnNi-HEA/AISI 316L stainless steel bimetal. The unique higher work hardening behavior of the CoCrFeMnNi-HEA prevents failure along the CoCrFeMnNi-HEA side in the bimetallic structure during plastic deformation. The CoCrFeMnNi-HEA shows higher pitting susceptibility than the AISI 316L stainless steel in the bimetallic structure due to its lower pitting potential. Further, the presence of pores and lack of fusion spots further decreases the pitting resistance of the CoCrFeMnNi-HEA. Hence, the bimetal is prone to more preferential corrosion attack along the CoCrFeMnNi-HEA side due to its anodic behavior and defects.
Bibliographische NotizFunding Information:
Funding through the European Regional Development Fund project ASTRA6‐6 is acknowledged. Additional support was provided through the Montanuniversität Leoben Infrastructure Fonds and the Austrian Academy of Sciences Innovation Program. Funding through the SPARC program (SPARC/2018‐2019/P361/SL) from the Government of India is appreciated. The research funding from the High‐end Foreign Experts Recruitment Program (G2021163004L), and the Guangdong International Science and Technology Cooperation Program (2021A0505050002) are appreciated.
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