Design, quality and quality assurance of solid recovered fuels for the substitution of fossil feedstock in the cement industry – Update 2019

Publikation: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftArtikelForschungBegutachtung

23 Zitate (Scopus)


Production, quality and quality assurance, as well as co-incineration of solid recovered fuels in cement industry, have become state-of-the-art in the European cement industry. At the global level, average thermal substitution rate is about 17%, whereby, only 13% in Canada and in the USA 16%, while in the European Union 28 it is about 44% (i.e. 11,300,000 t waste fuels utilised in 2016). In Austria, thermal substitution rate was ca. 80% in 2017, which was worldwide the highest one. Regarding solid recovered fuels for the cement industry, two types are relevant, namely solid recovered fuels PREMIUM Quality and solid recovered fuels MEDIUM Quality. In the case study shown, solid recovered fuels PREMIUM Quality from 11 and solid recovered fuels MEDIUM Quality from nine different solid recovered fuels production plants have been investigated. Investigations consist of sorting and sieving analyses (for PREMIUM), as well as physical–chemical analyses (for both solid recovered fuels types) according to the (inter)national standards (i.e. Austrian ‘ÖNORM’, European ‘EN’ standards and CEN TC 343 guidelines). The results gained from the first investigation were published in 2014 and here, results of further investigations are updated for 2016 and 2018 and confronted with legal and market relevant requirements. During the investigation, not enough parallel samples could be investigated and therefore no adequate scientific statistical analyses could be elaborated but a more practical indicative interpretation has been made. Finally, it can be confirmed, that all investigated solid recovered fuels fulfil the Austrian legal and international solid recovered fuels and co-incineration market requirements.

Seiten (von - bis)885-897
FachzeitschriftWaste management & research
PublikationsstatusElektronische Veröffentlichung vor Drucklegung. - 23 Juli 2019

Bibliographische Notiz

Funding Information:
The authors disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: Partial funding for this work was provided by: The Center of Competence for Recycling and Recovery of Waste 4.0 (acronym ReWaste4.0) [contract number 860 884] under the scope of the COMET – Competence Centers for Excellent Technologies – financially supported by BMVIT, BMWFW and the federal state of Styria, managed by the FFG.

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2019.


  • Cement Industry
  • Quality Assurance
  • Solid Recovered Fuel
  • SRF production
  • SRF characterisation
  • SRF PREMIUM Quality
  • SRF Medium Quality
  • Thermal Substitution Rate

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