Ductilisation of tungsten (W) through cold-rolling: R-curve behaviour

Jens Reiser, Stefan Wurster, Jan Hoffmann, Simon Bonk, Carsten Bonnekoh, Daniel Kiener, Reinhard Pippan, Andreas Hoffmann, Michael Rieth

Publikation: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftArtikelForschungBegutachtung

32 Zitate (Scopus)

Abstract

Here we show that cold-rolling of tungsten (W) decreases the stable crack growth onset temperature. Furthermore, we show that stable crack growth is accompanied by crack bridging, which in turn is triggered by dislocation activity. The entire stable crack growth regime shows ductile intergranular fracture.

Our ductilisation approach is the modification of microstructure through cold-rolling. In this work, we assess two different microstructures obtained from (i) cold-rolled and (ii) severely cold-rolled tungsten plates. From these plates, single-edge cracked-plate tension (SECT) specimens were cut and tested in the L-T direction. Crack growth resistance (R) curves were obtained using the direct-current-potential-drop method (DCPM). The experiments show the following results: cold-rolled plates are brittle at room temperature (RT), but show stable crack growth at 250 °C (523 K) and a fracture toughness, KIQ, of about 100 MPa(m)1/2 at a crack extension, Δa, of 0.6 mm. Severely cold-rolled tungsten plates show stable crack growth at RT and a fracture toughness, KIQ, of 100 MPa(m)1/2 at a crack extension, Δa, of 0.3 mm. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analyses of the stable crack growth region show intergranular fracture with microductile character.

The question of why cold-rolling causes the stable crack growth onset temperature to decrease (or in other words, why cold-rolling causes the brittle-to-ductile transition (BDT) temperature to decrease) is discussed against the background of (i) intrinsic and extrinsic size effects, (ii) crystallographic texture, (iii) impurities and (iv) the role of dislocations. Our results suggest that the spacing between the dislocation nucleation sites (high angle grain boundaries (HAGBs) act as dislocation source) is the most important parameter responsible for the decrease of the stable crack growth onset temperature.
OriginalspracheEnglisch
Seiten (von - bis)22-33
Seitenumfang12
FachzeitschriftInternational journal of refractory metals & hard materials
Jahrgang58.2016
AusgabenummerAugust
Frühes Online-Datum17 März 2016
DOIs
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 1 Aug. 2016
Extern publiziertJa

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