Effect of airborne particle abrasion and regeneration firing on the strength of 3D-printed 3Y and 5Y zirconia ceramics

Tadej Mirt, Andraž Kocjan, Anna-Katharina Hofer, Martin Schwentenwein, Aljaz Ivekovic, Raul Bermejo, Peter Jevnikar

Publikation: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftArtikelForschungBegutachtung


Objectives: This study aimed to assess the effect of airborne particle abrasion (APA) and regeneration firing (RF) on the subsurface damage and strength distribution of 3D-printed 3Y-TZP and 5Y-PSZ zirconia parts for dental applications. Methods: Disc-shaped specimens were prepared using vat photopolymerization (VPP) technology from 3Y and 5Y zirconia ceramics, followed by thermal debinding and sintering. APA treatment with 50 µm Al 2O 3 particles and RF at 1000 °C for 15 min were applied. Microstructural analysis was conducted using FIB-SEM, and XRD analysis determined crystalline phase content. Biaxial flexural strength was measured using the ball on three balls method and analyzed with Weibull statistics. ANOVA and Tukey HSD test were employed to compare strength differences between groups. Results: APA treatment increased the flexural strength of the 3Y specimens but decreased it for the 5Y specimens. RF treatment reversed the effect, restoring the strength to as-sintered levels for both materials. APA-treated 3Y specimens exhibited characteristic strength values above 1400 MPa, attributed to phase-transformation toughening. As sintered 5Y specimens showed strength values above 600 MPa. APA treatment increased the Weibull modulus of the 5Y specimens, indicating a narrower defect size distribution. Significance: The study demonstrates that the impact of APA and RF treatments on the mechanical properties and reliability of VPP-fabricated 3Y-TZP and 5Y-PSZ ceramics is comparable to conventionally prepared zirconia. VPP technology for 3D printing provides a viable approach for future manufacturing of dental restorations with potential clinical applications.

Seiten (von - bis)111-117
FachzeitschriftDental Materials
PublikationsstatusElektronische Veröffentlichung vor Drucklegung. - 4 Nov. 2023

Bibliographische Notiz

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Slovenian Research Agency funding research project J3–3064 . The authors wish to express their gratitude to Joseph Schlacher for his help in conducting biaxial strength tests. Anna-K. Hofer and Raul Bermejo acknowledge the European Research Council (ERC) excellent science grant “CERATEXT” through Horizon 2020 program under contract 817615 for providing funding for this research. We also appreciate Daniel Bomze for his efforts in proofreading and reviewing the manuscript.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 The Authors

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