Elasticity of phases in Fe-Al-Ti superalloys: impact of atomic order and anti-phase boundaries

Martin Friák, Vilma Bursikova, Nadezda Pizurová, Jana Pavlu, Yvonna Jiraskova, Vojtech Homola, Ivana Miháliková, Anton Slávik, David Holec, Monika Všianská, Nikola Koutna, J. Fikar, Janickovic D., Mojmír Šob, Jörg Neugebauer

Publikation: KonferenzbeitragPosterForschung

7 Zitate (Scopus)


We combine theoretical and experimental tools to study elastic properties of Fe-Al-Ti superalloys. Focusing on samples with chemical composition Fe 71Al 22Ti 7, we use transmission electron microscopy (TEM) to detect their two-phase superalloy nano-structure (consisting of cuboids embedded into a matrix). The chemical composition of both phases, Fe 66.2Al 23.3Ti 10.5 for cuboids and Fe 81Al 19 (with about 1% or less of Ti) for the matrix, was determined from an Energy-Dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy (EDS) analysis. The phase of cuboids is found to be a rather strongly off-stoichiometric (Fe-rich and Ti-poor) variant of Heusler Fe 2TiAl intermetallic compound with the L2 1 structure. The phase of the matrix is a solid solution of Al atoms in a ferromagnetic body-centered cubic (bcc) Fe. Quantum-mechanical calculations were employed to obtain an insight into elastic properties of the two phases. Three distributions of chemical species were simulated for the phase of cuboids (A2, B2 and L2 1) in order to determine a sublattice preference of the excess Fe atoms. The lowest formation energy was obtained when the excess Fe atoms form a solid solution with the Ti atoms at the Ti-sublattice within the Heusler L2 1 phase (L2 1 variant). Similarly, three configurations of Al atoms in the phase of the matrix with different level of order (A2, B2 and D0 3) were simulated. The computed formation energy is the lowest when all the 1st and 2nd nearest-neighbor Al-Al pairs are eliminated (the D0 3 variant). Next, the elastic tensors of all phases were calculated. The maximum Young’s modulus is found to increase with increasing chemical order. Further we simulated an anti-phase boundary (APB) in the L2 1 phase of cuboids and observed an elastic softening (as another effect of the APB, we also predict a significant increase of the total magnetic moment by 140% when compared with the APB-free material). Finally, to validate these predicted trends, a nano-scale dynamical mechanical analysis (nanoDMA) was used to probe elasticity of phases. Consistent with the prediction, the cuboids were found stiffer.

PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 1 Juni 2019
VeranstaltungTCDM 2019 (Theory of complex disorder in materials) - Lingköping, Schweden
Dauer: 16 Sept. 201918 Sept. 2019


KonferenzTCDM 2019 (Theory of complex disorder in materials)

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