Mineral resource policy deals not only with industrial and trade aspects but is nowadays also increasingly concerned with topics such as environmental protection and social development. The tensions associated with strongly divergent opinions among various stakeholder groups cast it as a ‘wicked problem’. The process of redeveloping the ‘Austrian Mineral Resources Strategy’ allows for examination of the different frames and identification of potential frame conflicts in consultation processes at the national level. Using Q-methodology, this paper reveals four frames represented in the Austrian policy design process and unravels conflicts between economy-focused and integrated policy framings. The predominance of the first frame indicates a narrow sectoral approach favouring domestic mineral extraction and economic growth over other means (e.g. international distributional conflicts of benefits and burdens). The article also demonstrates the suitability of Q-methodology as a tool to investigate frames and to improve their understanding in policy design processes.
Bibliographische NotizFunding Information:
This paper includes research related to the REMIX Project funded by the European Union under the Interreg Europe programme. The authors would like to thank Dr. Robert Holnsteiner, Dr. Susanne Strobl, and Dr. Magdalena Pupp for their support in the organisation and their feedback and suggestions during the preparation of the study. We are also grateful to Dr. Ernest Aigner from the University of Economics Vienna and the Austrian National Public Health Institute for his assistance with ecological economics and for positioning our work in the economic debate; and to David Leonard, PhD for his valuable feedback. We would like to thank all the reviewers who have supported us with excellent reviews and helpful comments.
© 2022, The Author(s).