Fused Filament Fabrication-Based Additive Manufacturing of Commercially Pure Titanium

Yvonne Thompson, Markus Polzer, Joamin Gonzalez-Gutierrez, Olga Kasian, Johannes P. Heckl, Valentin Dalbauer, Christian Kukla, Peter Felfer

Publikation: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftArtikelForschungBegutachtung


Fabrication of titanium components is very cost intensive, partly due to the complex machining and limited recyclability of waste material. For electrochemical applications, the excellent corrosion resistance of pure titanium is of high importance, whereas medium mechanical strength of fabricated parts is sufficient for such a use case. For smaller parts, metal fused filament fabrication (MF3) enables the fabrication of complex metallic structures densified during a final sintering step. Pure titanium can be processed to near-net-shape geometries for electrochemical applications if the parameters and the atmosphere during sintering are carefully monitored. Herein, the influence of thermal debinding and sintering parameters on the fabrication of high-density pure titanium using MF3 is investigated. Particular focus is placed on enhancing sintered density while limiting impurity uptake to conserve the high chemical purity of the initial powder material. Relative densities of 95% are repeatedly reached inside the bulk of the samples. An oxygen content of 0.56 wt% as a result of vacuum processing induces the formation of the retained α-Ti phase (925 HV0.2) inside the α matrix (295 HV0.2). Fabricated parts exhibit high mechanical strength, albeit reduced elongation due to remaining pores, and, in terms of electrochemistry, enhanced stability toward anodic dissolution.
FachzeitschriftAdvanced Engineering Materials
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 12 Sept. 2021

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