In Situ Investigation of the Rapid Solidification Behavior of Intermetallic γ-TiAl-Based Alloys Using High-Energy X-Ray Diffraction

Gloria Graf, Jan Rosigkeit, Erwin Krohmer, Peter Staron, Raimund Krenn, Helmut Clemens, Petra Spörk-Erdely

Publikation: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftArtikelForschungBegutachtung


Representing an attractive new processing method, additive manufacturing can be used to manufacture parts made of γ-TiAl-based alloys for high-temperature applications. However, in terms of nucleation during rapid solidification and subsequent solid-state phase transformations, the process is not yet fully understood, and research is still going on. This article focuses on a setup to study solidification processes during laser melting via in situ high-energy X-ray diffraction at a synchrotron radiation source. To create conditions similar to those encountered in powder bed-based additive manufacturing processes, such as electron beam melting or selective laser melting, a thin platelet is laser-melted on its upper edge. Phase transitions are measured simultaneously via high-energy X-ray diffraction in transmission geometry. The use of a thin platelet instead of the usual powder bed precludes the unfavorable contribution of solid phases from surrounding powder particles to the diffraction signal. First results of the in situ high-energy X-ray diffraction experiment on a Ti–48Al–2Nb–2Cr (in at%) alloy prove the applicability of the used setup for an accurate tracing of phase transformations upon rapid solidification.

Fachzeitschrift Advanced engineering materials
PublikationsstatusElektronische Veröffentlichung vor Drucklegung. - 23 Juni 2021

Bibliographische Notiz

Funding Information:
The authors acknowledge DESY (Hamburg, Germany), a member of the Helmholtz Association HGF, for the provision of experimental facilities at PETRA III. The beamline P07 (HEMS) is operated by Helmholtz-Zentrum Hereon. The authors would like to thank Norbert Schell for assistance in using the beamline. Beamtime was allocated for proposal I-20191411. The authors thank Prof. Sara Biamino, Department of Applied Science and Technology (DISAT), Politecnico di Torino, Italy, for providing the starting material and Melissa Allen from GfE Metalle und Materialen GmbH, Nuremberg, Germany, for chemical analysis.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 The Authors. Advanced Engineering Materials published by Wiley-VCH GmbH.

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