New sediment provenance approach based on orthonormal log ratio transformation of geochemical and heavy mineral data: Sources of eolian sands from the southeastern Adriatic archipelago

Ivan Razum, Borna Lužar-Oberiter, Federica Zaccarini, Ljubomir Babić, Slobodan Miko, Ozren Hasan, Nikolina Ilijanić, Enkeleida Beqiraj, Vera Pawlowsky-Glahn

Publikation: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftArtikelForschungBegutachtung

Abstract

To date, much effort has been made to overcome obstacles involved in inferring the provenance of sediments based on heavy mineral assemblages and geochemical fingerprints of minerals. These efforts have been concentrated on two main avenues. First, efforts have focused on disentangling physical and chemical properties of minerals and their behavior during transport. Second, efforts have centered on processing the obtained data in a way that takes into account the properties of heavy minerals and geochemical data sets. More specifically, to consider the limitations that arise from the nature of point count and compositional data. In this manuscript, a novel workflow for provenance is proposed based on the fact that point count data, although not compositional, carry compositional information. A case study is presented to infer the provenance of late Quaternary eolian sands from the southeastern Adriatic archipelago for which two different sources have been previously proposed. Heavy mineral data were represented in orthonormal log ratio coordinates. In this way, variables which compensate for hydraulic sorting and/or selective dissolution were obtained, with the major advantage that there are no restrictions for their use with statistical methods originally developed for real Euclidian space. To support conclusions based on heavy mineral data, we analyzed the geochemical composition of pyroxenes, which were also discriminated using a novel approach. As a result, the Albania-Montenegro shelf is determined to be a sediment source for eolian sands from Korčula, Lastovo and Mljet Islands. Hvar Island has a Neretva River signature, and Vis Island has a dominantly Neretva River signature with a small portion of sediments from the Albania-Montenegro shelf.

OriginalspracheEnglisch
Aufsatznummer120451
Seitenumfang15
FachzeitschriftChemical geology
Jahrgang583.2021
Ausgabenummer20 November
Frühes Online-Datum24 Juli 2021
DOIs
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 20 Nov. 2021

Bibliographische Notiz

Funding Information:
We would like to thank Draško Holcer from the Croatian Natural History Museum and Mirko Đurović from the University of Montenegro for organizing the sampling campaign in Montenegro. We are thankful to Hartmut Schulz from the University of Tübingen for collecting the samples from the Adriatic shelf during the POS514 expedition. We are also grateful to Maik Zimmermann for sample preparation for analysis on the EMPA. We are also grateful to the University Centrum for Applied Geosciences (UCAG) for access to the E. F. Stumpfl electron microprobe laboratory. Finally, we thank Juan José Egozcue for helpful comments. VPG received financial support from the project METhods for COmpositional analysis of DAta (CODAMET) - Ministerio de Ciencia, Innovación y Universidades (Ref: RTI2018-095518-B-C21 , 2019–2021). This study is part of the project “Sediments between source and sink during a late Quaternary eustatic cycle: The Krka and the Mid Adriatic Deep System” (QMAD), funded by the Croatian Science Foundation ( HRZZ-IP-04-2019-8505 ).

Funding Information:
We would like to thank Dra?ko Holcer from the Croatian Natural History Museum and Mirko ?urovi? from the University of Montenegro for organizing the sampling campaign in Montenegro. We are thankful to Hartmut Schulz from the University of T?bingen for collecting the samples from the Adriatic shelf during the POS514 expedition. We are also grateful to Maik Zimmermann for sample preparation for analysis on the EMPA. We are also grateful to the University Centrum for Applied Geosciences (UCAG) for access to the E. F. Stumpfl electron microprobe laboratory. Finally, we thank Juan Jos? Egozcue for helpful comments. VPG received financial support from the project METhods for COmpositional analysis of DAta (CODAMET) -Ministerio de Ciencia, Innovaci?n y Universidades (Ref: RTI2018-095518-B-C21, 2019?2021). This study is part of the project ?Sediments between source and sink during a late Quaternary eustatic cycle: The Krka and the Mid Adriatic Deep System? (QMAD), funded by the Croatian Science Foundation (HRZZ-IP-04-2019-8505).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Elsevier B.V.

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