When a strand is subjected to rolling and pressing during mechanical reduction (MR), deformation-induced strand contraction or dilatation can occur. A novel modeling strategy has been designed to account for this mechanism in a two-phase Eulerian–Eulerian volume-average model with a fixed geometry. The strategy is based on the following ideas: (1) during MR, the pressing force from the rolls to the solidifying strand leads to the compression of the viscoplastic network that causes melt to be squeezed out of that region; (2) if the pressing is strong enough to cause the melt to penetrate the surrounding solid shell, the strand deflects outwards (the dilatation state); (3) as the melt flow weakens and the following pair of rolls approaches, the “expanded” strand structure is forced to go back to its original form (the contraction state). Numerically, special Robin type boundary conditions have been imposed on the strand surface to comply with the above description while maintaining a fixed domain. Strand deflection has been estimated and correlates well with the mush deformation intensity and solidification evolution during the casting process. Macrosegregation is also discussed based on the strand deflection and deformation parameters.
Seiten (von - bis)770-784
FachzeitschriftApplied Mathematical Modelling
Frühes Online-Datum19 Okt. 2022
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - Feb. 2023

Bibliographische Notiz

Funding Information:
This work was financially supported by the FWF Austrian Science Fund ( P28785-N34 ), the National Natural Science Foundation of China U1560208 , and Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities of China N172504024 and N182515006 . The author RG acknowledges the financial support from the China Scholarship Council (No. 201906080127 ), and the main work was accomplished during his stay at the Montanuniversitaet Leoben, Austria. The authors acknowledge the financial support by the Austrian Federal Ministry of Economy, Family and Youth and the National Foundation for Research, Technology and Development within the framework of the Christian Doppler Laboratory for Metallurgical Applications of Magnetohydrodynamics.

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