Primary Carbide Formation in Tool Steels: Potential of Selected Laboratory Methods and Potential of Partial Premelting for the Generation of Thermodynamic Data

Peter Presoly, Bernhard Gerstl, Christian Bernhard, Stefan Marsoner, Paul Angerer, Bernhard Friessnegger, Susanne Hahn

Publikation: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftArtikelForschungBegutachtung


To predict the solidification and product properties of tool steels with complex chemical compositions, an understanding of the transformation behavior is crucial. Therefore, the quaternary Fe–C system with 10 wt% Cr and 3 wt% W (a subsystem of cold work steels, with M7C3 and M23C6 carbides) and the Fe–C system with 6 wt% W and 5 wt% Mo (simplified high-speed steel, with M6C and MC carbides) are selected. The motivation for this study is to develop a methodology for the safe and fast production of model alloys and the close to equilibrium performance of differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) measurements. Regular diffusion annealing of as-cast carbidic steels is time-consuming, but with an additional heat treatment during the DSC measurement in the semisolid zone (30–50% liquid phase fraction), a status close to equilibrium can be achieved within minutes due to the high diffusion. To prove the potential of the equilibration by partial premelting in the DSC, additional equilibration and quenching experiments are performed in a Tammann furnace and investigated using a scanning electron microscope and X-ray diffraction analysis. By combining these methods, carbide types and the transformation temperatures can be verified to evaluate and construct complete phase diagrams.
FachzeitschriftSteel research international
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 10 Nov. 2022

Bibliographische Notiz

Funding Information:
The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support under the scope of the COMET program within the K2 Center “Integrated Computational Material, Process and Product Engineering (IC‐MPPE)” (Project 859480). This program was supported by the Austrian Federal Ministries for Climate Action, Environment, Energy, Mobility, Innovation and Technology (BMK) and for Digital and Economic Affairs (BMDW), represented by the Austrian research funding association (FFG), and the federal states of Styria, Upper Austria and Tyrol. This work is part of the ongoing K2 IC MPPE project P3.16 “CastingQPS”.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 The Authors. Steel Research International published by Wiley-VCH GmbH.

Dieses zitieren