We investigate super-hydrophilic TiO2 (titania) films for concentrated solar-thermal power applications. Reactive magnetron sputtering has been used to deposit 8 to 12 nm thick titania thin films onto borosilicate microscope glass slides, low-Fe extra-clear architectural glass, or Si(100) wafers with a 500 nm thick thermal SiO2 layer. The effects of deposition temperature and O2 fraction of the O2/Ar working gas were investigated. We demonstrate the importance of the O2 fraction for obtaining optically transparent, super-hydrophilic (contact angle below 1°) thin films. In particular, we show that as the O2 fraction increases, contact angle decreases, obtaining super-hydrophilic titania thin films at deposition temperatures as low as 120 °C. Our work enables to develop low thermal budget cost-efficient industrial synthesis processes, paving the way for commercial applications.
Bibliographische NotizFunding Information:
We would like to thank Dr Vassilios Psycharis from I N N, N C S R ‘Demokritos’ for guidance in x-ray diffraction characterization.
© 2023 The Author(s). Published by IOP Publishing Ltd.