Surface Functionalization of (Pyrolytic) Carbon: An Overview

Publikation: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftArtikelForschungBegutachtung


This review focuses on techniques for modifying the surface of carbon that is produced from sustainable resources, such as pyrolytic carbon. Many of these materials display high specific surface area and fine particle distribution. Functionalization of a surface is a commonly used approach in designing desired surface properties of the treated material while retaining its bulk properties. Usually, oxidation is a primary step in carbon functionalization. It can be performed as wet oxidation, which is a type of chemical surface modification. Wet oxidation is usually performed using nitric acid and hydrogen peroxide, as well as using hydrothermal and solvothermal oxidation. On the other side, dry oxidation is representative of physical surface modification. This method is based on corona discharge and plasma oxidation which are promising methods that are in line with green chemistry approaches. Whilst the oxidation of the carbon surface is a well-known method, other chemical modification techniques, including cycloadditions and various radical reactions on graphene layers, are presented as an alternative approach. Regarding secondary functionalization, coupling organosilanes to activated carbon is a common technique. Organosilanes bearing reactive groups present a bridge between inorganic species and polymer systems, e.g., epoxy and polyurethane resins, and facilitate the use of carbonaceous materials as reinforcing components for polymers and thermosetting resins. Along with the presented functionalization methods, this review also provides an overview of new applications of modified (i.e., functionalized) carbon materials, e.g., for the building industry, wastewater treatment, semiconducting materials and many more.
FachzeitschriftC – journal of carbon research
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 10 Apr. 2023

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