3D Printing of Dual-Cure Networks Based on (Meth)acrylate/Bispropargyl Ether Building Blocks

Katharina Sommer, Paul Rieger, Stefanie Monika Müller, Romana Schwarz, Gregor Trimmel, Michael Feuchter, Thomas Grießer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review


In recent years, dual-cure chemistry has been exploited to realize interpenetrating networks (IPNs) that provide enhanced thermo-mechanical properties. In this contribution, photoinduced curing of (meth)acrylates is used to build the desired 3D structure, whereas the thermally triggered polymerization reaction of 2H-chromene functionalized building blocks is utilized to create the IPN. This strategy combines the advantages of traditional UV-curable monomers with high-performance thermosets. After the successful synthesis of the bispropargyl ether derivative, i.e., 4,4′-(propane-2,2-diyl)bis((ethynyloxy)benzene), its thermally induced conversion to the corresponding 2H chromene functionalized prepolymer is studied by Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy and gel permeation chromatography. The network formation as well as the printability of various formulations containing different amounts of the thermo-curable building block is investigated. The obtained IPNs provide enhanced thermo-mechanical properties making these resins suitable for the additive manufacturing of functional 3D parts for high-performance applications.
Original languageEnglish
Article number2200901
Number of pages7
Journal Advanced engineering materials
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 29 Sept 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright: © 2022 The Authors. Advanced Engineering Materials published by Wiley-VCH GmbH.


  • bispropargyl ether
  • dual cure
  • photochemistry

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