Additive Manufacturing of CoCrFeMnNi High-Entropy Alloy/AISI 316L Stainless Steel Bimetallic Structures

Rathinavelu Sokkalingam, Zhao Chao, Katakam Sivaprasad, Veerappan Muthupandi, Jayamani Jayaraj, Parthiban Ramasamy, Jürgen Eckert, Konda Gokuldoss Prashanth

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CoCrFeMnNi high-entropy alloy (HEA)/AISI 316L stainless steel bimetals were additively fabricated using selective laser melting (SLM). The bimetal structure comprises three regions, i.e., CoCrFeMnNi-HEA, AISI 316L stainless steel, and an interface between CoCrFeMnNi-HEA, AISI 316L stainless steel. SLM processing results in the formation of columnar grains extending over many built layers epitaxially in a preferential growth direction. The Vickers microhardness ranges mainly between 250 and 275 HV0.5 in all three observed regions. In addition, only a marginal variation in tensile strength is observed between the CoCrFeMnNi-HEA, AISI 316L stainless steel, and the CoCrFeMnNi-HEA/AISI 316L stainless steel bimetal. The unique higher work hardening behavior of the CoCrFeMnNi-HEA prevents failure along the CoCrFeMnNi-HEA side in the bimetallic structure during plastic deformation. The CoCrFeMnNi-HEA shows higher pitting susceptibility than the AISI 316L stainless steel in the bimetallic structure due to its lower pitting potential. Further, the presence of pores and lack of fusion spots further decreases the pitting resistance of the CoCrFeMnNi-HEA. Hence, the bimetal is prone to more preferential corrosion attack along the CoCrFeMnNi-HEA side due to its anodic behavior and defects.
Original languageEnglish
Article number2200341
Number of pages9
Journal Advanced engineering materials
Issue number7
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 27 Apr 2022

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  • additive manufacturing
  • AISI 316L stainless steel
  • CoCrFeMnNi-high entropy alloys
  • electron microscopy
  • tensile and corrosion behavior

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