An Energy Approach to Determine the Martensite Morphology in Nanocrystalline NiTi

Manuel Petersmann, Wolfgang Pranger, Thomas Waitz, Thomas Antretter

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9 Citations (Scopus)


The characteristic features of martensite in nanocrystalline Ni-50 at %Ti are a compromise between interface and strain energies introduced into the material when a grain transforms from austenite to a finely laminated martensite structure. This paper focuses on the evaluation of these energies. Whereas for grain sizes <100 nm a single laminate is frequently observed, in larger grains the higher strain energy of this structure leads to hierarchical twinning. As the predominant contribution the strain energy is computed by the finite element method. Interface energies at the twin- as well as the grain-boundaries are subsequently added. Suitable scaling relations yield the evolution of twin spacing and predict that multiple laminates become favorable at a diameter range of 70–90 nm.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1600684
Number of pages6
Journal Advanced engineering materials
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 31 Jan 2017

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