Analysis of the mobility of migrating austenite–ferrite interfaces

Ernst Gamsjäger, Manfred Wiessner, Siegfried Schider, Hao Chen, Sybrand van der Zwaag

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Dilatometric studies assisted by high-temperature laser scanning confocal microscopy provide a comprehensive experimental picture with regard to cyclic austenite-to-ferrite transformations in Fe–C alloys. The validity range for the sharp interface and effective mobility approach is identified by comparing modelling results with calculations based on experiments. The interface velocity for the austenite-to-ferrite transformation in pure iron is exclusively controlled by the intrinsic interface mobility conforming to the upper boundary of mobilities. The austenite-to-ferrite transformation in Fe–C alloys under conventional cooling and heating conditions is primarily controlled by carbon diffusion in austenite. The lower boundary of the temperature-dependent interface mobility has been established for an Fe–C alloy over a wide range of temperatures during cycling transformation. Austenite-to-ferrite transformations in Fe–C–X alloys are characterized by still lower effective mobilities depending on both temperature and composition, because substitutional elements X give rise to a solute drag effect. An estimate for the effective mobility valid for the austenite-to-ferrite transformation in lean Fe–C–Mn alloys is provided.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2899-2917
Number of pages19
JournalPhilosophical magazine
Issue number26
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 11 Sept 2015

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