Datafication of material mechanisms in nuclear environment

René Reich

    Research output: ThesisMaster's Thesis

    99 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    Material selection relies on the information of feasible materials, especially in nuclear applications, where material tests are complex and require special attention to safety. A more profound material selection decision one can make with the increasing availability of the information. Peer-reviewed scientific articles present a vital source with high quality. This thesis studies the possibilities of information extraction and information summarization of the properties of metallic alloys. The following challenges for this purpose were identified: Fully automated information extraction by machine learning algorithms will become possible with the creation of materials science related corpus for natural language processing. Also, an automated plot digitizer would excavate enormous amounts of material data. With the increasing size of the database, its clarity decreases. So, the contained information should be summarized comprehensibly. The approach presented in this thesis is a material mechanism map. Based on the idea of Ashby maps, material mechanism maps visualize areas of material property changes under specific environmental conditions. As an example, a material mechanism map for the austenitic steel SS316, serving as nuclear fuel-cladding material, was computed. The map contains information about material hardening, recovery, irradiation embrittlement, swelling, creep, and precipitation formation depending on the irradiation dose and the homologous temperature.
    Translated title of the contributionDatafizierung von Materialmechanismen in nuklearer Umgebung
    Original languageEnglish
    QualificationMSc
    Awarding Institution
    • Montanuniversität
    Supervisors/Advisors
    • Hosemann, Peter, Co-Supervisor (external), External person
    • Schnitzer, Ronald, Supervisor (internal)
    Award date23 Oct 2020
    Publication statusPublished - 2020

    Bibliographical note

    embargoed until null

    Keywords

    • material informatics
    • information extraction
    • material data extractor
    • machine learning
    • natural language processing
    • information gathering
    • material database
    • information summarization
    • information visualization
    • Ashby map
    • material mechanism map
    • nuclear materials
    • fuel-cladding material
    • austenitic stainless steel
    • SS316
    • irradiation
    • dose
    • temperature
    • hardening
    • recovery
    • embrittlement
    • swelling
    • creep
    • precipitation formation

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