Design, operation and evaluation of an improved refractory wear testing technique

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Abstract

A newly developed Continuous Wear Testing Device (CWTD) based on a rotating cylinder specimen enables in-situ wear rate measurements of fine ceramic dissolution in slags. A corroding fine ceramic sample is measured several times during a corrosion test with a high precision 3D laser measurement system. Mass loss derived from this measurement is compared with direct determination by load cells. Optimal flow conditions for static and dynamic measurements are achieved by a high ratio of slag mass to immersed sample mass and by an adjustable rotation speed. Corrosion of Al2O3 fine ceramic cylinders in a CaO-MgO-Al2O3-SiO2 slag at 1550 °C demonstrated the occurrence of Marangoni convection and lower corrosion rate for a static measurement, while Taylor vortices appeared with a dynamic setup. The accuracy of the wear measurement was assessed and evaluated for corrosion profiles which enable the identification of kinetic models for the calculation of diffusivities.
Original languageEnglish
Article number109429
Number of pages9
JournalMeasurement
Volume178.2021
Issue numberJune
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 17 Apr 2021

Keywords

  • Fine ceramics
  • Refractory
  • Wear profiles
  • Laser measurement
  • Corrosion

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