Determining the critical Reynolds number for suppressing Marangoni convection of alumina in silicate melt

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Ceramic dissolution within silicate melts is often caused by Marangoni convection arising from surface tension gradients, unless it is counteracted by forced convection, which typically occurs beyond a specific critical Reynolds number (〖Re〗_c). This study presents a method for determining the 〖Re〗_c required to suppress Marangoni convection at the alumina (Al2O3)/slag/air triple point. This approach utilizes a modified finger test device equipped with a high-resolution laser for dimensional measurement, allowing accurate determination of mass flux densities from the grove and mantle separately. Subsequently, we examined the dissolution of Al2O3 fine ceramics in a quaternary silicate melt of calcium oxide (CaO)–Al2O3–silicon dioxide (SiO2)–MgO (or magnesium oxide), featuring a CaO/SiO2 weight ratio of 0.65. The experiments were conducted at 1550 °C for speeds of 0, 50, 100, and 200 rpm. The findings revealed a critical rotational speed of 127 rpm for Al2O3-dissolution in this silicate slag at 1550 °C using the aforementioned device, corresponding to an 〖Re〗_c of 6.46. These results contribute to a deeper understanding of the factors influencing ceramic dissolution in silicate melts and offer valuable insights for materials and process engineering applications.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)18323-18328
Number of pages6
JournalCeramics International : CI
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 29 Feb 2024


  • Alumina
  • Marangoni convection
  • Corrosion
  • Silicate slag
  • Critical Reynolds number

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