Effects of simulated body fluid on the mechanical properties of polycarbonate polyurethane produced via material jetting

Sandra Petersmann, Martin Huemer, Lukas Hentschel, Florian Arbeiter

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A possible tissue substitute material, namely a thermoplastic polycarbonate polyurethane with two different hard-to-soft segment ratios, was produced via material jetting. Since application temperature and media can significantly alter the properties of polymeric materials, it is necessary to understand the impact of both. Therefore, tensile and high-cycle fatigue tests were performed without media as well as immersed in a simulated body fluid. The absorption of phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) led to a decrease in stiffness and tensile strength with a simultaneous increase in elongation at break. For the material with less hard segments, an elevated temperature resulted in a similar effect. More hard segments increase tensile strength and elongation at break. Furthermore, the fatigue behaviour deteriorates significantly with increasing fluid uptake. The fatigue strength of fully saturated specimens decreased by about 20% compared to untreated specimens. An absorption of approx. 20% of the PBS absorption maximum already showed a similar decrease.
Original languageEnglish
Article number107977
Number of pages10
JournalPolymer Testing
Issue numberMarch
Publication statusPublished - 6 Mar 2023

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the project CAMed ( COMET K-Project 871132 ) which is funded by the Austrian Federal Ministry of Transport, Innovation and Technology (BMVIT) and the Austrian Federal Ministry for Digital and Economic Affairs (BMDW) and the Styrian Business Promotion Agency (SFG) . Special thanks go to Nadine Wild and Franz Grassegger for the development of the used media cell.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 The Authors


  • Additive manufacturing
  • ARBURG plastic Freeforming
  • Environmental stress cracking
  • ESC
  • Media cell
  • Polycarbonate polyurethane

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