Einfluss der frühzeitigen Branderkennung in Straßentunnel: Eine numerische Studie zum Brand von Elektrofahrzeugen

Translated title of the contribution: Importance of Timely Fire Detection in Road Tunnels: A Numerical Study on Electric Vehicle Fire

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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Abstract

The increasing number of electric vehicles (EVs) on the roads has raised concerns regarding fire safety in road tunnels. With the higher energy density of batteries in EVs compared to traditional combustion engines, EV fires in tunnels can pose greater risks to drivers and passengers, resulting in more severe damage. This study simulates a 5.2 MW fire in a 700-meter tunnel section and evaluates the impact of different fire detection times on smoke distribution. Using the Fire Dynamic Simulator, numerical simulations were conducted to provide insights into the effectiveness of early fire detection and its potential impact on mitigating the risks associated with EV fires in tunnels. The findings highlight the importance of emergency ventilation activation in reducing the hazards posed by fire spread upstream and enabling safe evacuation of individuals in potentially life-threatening situations. The study highlights the significant challenge in managing emergency ventilation in modern road tunnels and emphasizes the need for improved fire detection systems to ensure the safety of drivers and passengers in case of emergency.
Translated title of the contributionImportance of Timely Fire Detection in Road Tunnels: A Numerical Study on Electric Vehicle Fire
Original languageGerman
Title of host publicationTagungsband der Fachtagung Katastrophenforschung 2023
Subtitle of host publicationMit Beiträgen aus der Sicherheits- und Katastrophenforschung
Place of PublicationWien
PublisherDisaster Competence Network Austria
Pages64-66
Number of pages3
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-900397-11-1
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 10 Nov 2023
EventFachtagung Katastrophenforschung 2023 - Montanuniversität Leoben, Leoben, Austria
Duration: 11 Sept 202312 Sept 2023
https://www.dcna.at/index.php/de/fachtagung-katastrophenforschung-2023.html

Conference

ConferenceFachtagung Katastrophenforschung 2023
Abbreviated titleFKF23
Country/TerritoryAustria
CityLeoben
Period11/09/2312/09/23
Internet address

Keywords

  • Tunnel
  • Electric vehicle fire
  • Emergency ventilation
  • Fire simulation
  • Fire Dynamic Simulator

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