Estimation of convection ahead of a solid/liquid interface during solidification of layered peritectic solidification morphologies

Tanja Pfeifer

Research output: ThesisMaster's Thesis

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Abstract

The present study will emphasize on the investigations of the effect of convection on the formation of peritectic layered structures near the constitutional undercooling by using the binary organic peritectic model system TRIS–NPG. Under conditions where both phases solidify in a planar manner it is possible that for peritectic concentrations the metastable phase nucleates before the initial phase reaches steady state. This enables a competitive growth between the primary and the peritectic phase which leads to peritectic layered structures. Investigation on metal alloys exhibited various layered microstructures in form of bands, island bands, and peritectic coupled growth similar to eutectic structures. Since such structures are highly influenced by convection in-situ investigations were done to make visible the flow pattern and to observe the corresponding dynamic of the solid/liquid interface. The experimental procedure was carried out by directional solidification in a Bridgman-furnace and the material was enriched with tracers to visualize the convection. The investigations on the organic model system TRIS–NPG indicated different forms of flow pattern. The fact that the particles show that convection influence the formation of layered structures was a major finding in this project. Another important observation was the influence of liquid channels and micro-plumes within the mushy zone on the evolution of bands in lateral direction.
Translated title of the contributionUntersuchung der Konvektion vor der fest/flüssig Grenzfläche während direkter Erstarrung von geschichteten peritektischen Erstarrungsmorphologien
Original languageEnglish
QualificationDipl.-Ing.
Awarding Institution
  • Montanuniversität
Supervisors/Advisors
  • Ludwig, Andreas, Supervisor (internal)
Award date29 Jun 2018
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Bibliographical note

no embargo

Keywords

  • peritectic solidification
  • direct solidifcation
  • layered structures
  • transparent organic model systems
  • thermo-solutal convection
  • liquid channels

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