Experimental Study on the Behavior of TiN and Ti2O3 Inclusions in Contact with CaO-Al2O3-SiO2-MgO Slags

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


TiN and Ti2O3 are the predominant inclusion types in Ti-alloyed ferritic chromium stainless steels. In order to ensure the required steel cleanness level, an effective removal of such inclusions in the slag during secondary metallurgy is essential. This inclusion removal predominantly takes place via dissolution of the inclusion in the slag. The dissolution behavior of TiN and Ti2O3 in CaO-SiO2-Al2O3-MgO slags as well as their agglomeration behavior in the liquid steel is investigated using High Temperature Laser Scanning Confocal Microscopy and Tammann Furnace experiments. Thermodynamic calculations are performed using FactSage 7.0. The behavior of TiN is observed to be completely different to that of oxides. Ti2O3 dissolves quickly in slags, and its dissolution behavior is comparable to that of other already well examined oxides. In contrast, TiN shows a very intense gas reaction which is attributed to the release of nitrogen during contact with slag. Slags with higher SiO2 content show a significantly higher ability for the dissolution of TiN as compared to Al2O3-rich slags. The gas reaction is found to also significantly influence the final steel cleanness. Despite the easy absorption of TiN in the slag, the formed nitrogen supports the formation of pinholes in the steel.
Original languageEnglish
Article number2326750
Number of pages15
Publication statusPublished - 8 Aug 2017

Cite this