Knowing the mechanical behavior of silicon at elevated temperatures is crucial for many high-temperature applications and processes. This work aims to expand the knowledge of these properties, especially on length scales relevant to miniaturized silicon structures. Therefore, nanoindentation experiments were performed on two differently doped (1 0 0) silicon wafers with varying oxygen content, from room temperature up to 950 °C. Residual impressions were microscopically characterized via confocal laser scanning microscopy. From this dataset covering an exceptionally large temperature range the elastic modulus and hardness as well as strain rate sensitivity, activation volume, and energy were evaluated. Generally, a change in deformation behavior can be identified between 300 °C and 400 °C. Above this transition temperature, the hardness drops exponentially. Also, the material becomes strain rate sensitive. These observations support the assumption that the deformation mechanism shifts from high-pressure phase transformation to dislocation-controlled plasticity with increasing temperature. Furthermore, a change in strain rate sensitivity, activation energy, and activation volume above 800 °C implies a further shift in the rate-controlling mechanism of dislocation motion. Lastly, the more strongly doped sample with the higher oxygen content showing higher mechanical strength is discussed regarding solid-solution strengthening and dislocation locking by oxygen atoms.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2023 The Authors