Corrigendum to “From abandoned mines to carbon sinks: Assessing the CO2 storage capacity of Austrian low-rank coal deposits” [International Journal of Coal Geology 286 (2024) 1–13/104495]

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This study represents the first assessment of CO 2 storage potential in Austrian coal seams. Coal samples were taken from Fohnsdorf and Leoben abandoned coal mines, with particular emphasis on the Fohnsdorf coal since Leoben coal reserves were largely mined during previous coal production. Several methods were used to compare coal characteristics, including Rock-Eval pyrolysis (RE), organic petrography, and low-pressure N 2 and CO 2 sorption measurements. Both Fohnsdorf and Leoben coal samples show low sulfur and ash yields, as well as correspondingly high total organic carbon (TOC) contents. The pyrolysis T max and vitrinite reflectance values agree with a low coal rank for both sites. According to the N 2 adsorption measurements at 77 K, low-lying mire coals from Fohnsdorf show a higher BET-specific surface area (BET-SSA) and BJH pore volume compared to raised-mire coals from Leoben. However, sapropelic shales and high-ash coals from Leoben show the highest BET-SSA and BJH pore volumes of all investigated samples and considerably exceed the N 2 adsorption volumes of pure coals from both locations (N 2 uptake up to 16 cm 3/g; avg. for all samples 5.4 cm 3/g). In contrast, the mean adsorbed CO 2 uptake measured at 273 K and ∼ 1 bar followed the order of Fohnsdorf low-lying mire coals > Leoben raised-mire coals > Leoben sapropelic coals and shales, ranging at ∼0.8 mmol/g, ∼0.7 mmol/g, and ∼ 0.2 mmol/g, respectively. This shows that BET-SSA and BJH equations did not allow for adequate estimation of CO 2 adsorption capacity trends in the investigated sample set. Furthermore, based on the existence of a hysteresis loop between CO 2 adsorption and desorption branches for all investigated samples, the occurrence of weak chemisorption phenomena during CO 2 adsorption is indicated. This effect helps to increase CO 2 uptake and storage safety since the chemisorption process is not fully reversible upon pressure decrease. Ultimately, the theoretical CO 2 sequestration potential of the remaining unmined Fohnsdorf coal reserves was estimated at 4.65 million tons, with an additional potential for enhanced coal bed methane production due to the gas-rich nature of Fohnsdorf coals with an estimated 1.2 billion m 3 of CH 4 in place.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104520
Number of pages1
JournalInternational journal of coal geology
Issue number29 May
Publication statusPublished - 6 May 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright: © 2024 The Authors


  • CO adsorption
  • Coal
  • Fohnsdorf
  • Leoben
  • Nanopores
  • Nitrogen adsorption

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