High-pressure-torsion-induced segregation, precipitation and grain refinement of Al-(Si, Mg and Cu) binary alloys

Man Feng, Qinli Wu, Jing Xue, Zhenjiao Luo, Zhiping Wang, Xianghai An, Xiaozhou Liao, Jiehua LI, Shenbao Jin, Gang Sha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review


To uncover the effects of segregation and precipitation on grain refinement of metals under severe plastic deformation, high-pressure-torsion (HPT) processing is performed on three binary Al-(Si, Mg, and Cu) alloys with different stability and segregation characteristics. Atom probe tomography analysis reveals that HPT processing induces significant decomposition of Al-1 at% Si and Al-1 at% Cu alloys with coarse Si particles and fine Al 2Cu (θ) precipitates formed, but no decomposition of Al-1 at% Mg alloy, with dislocations segregated with Si, Cu, and Mg, and grain boundaries (GBs) only segregated with Cu and Mg. The GB segregation of Cu is stronger than that of Mg and Si, with Cu excess in the range of 1.5–7.0 atoms/nm 2, Mg excess in the range of 0–4.0 atoms/nm 2, but no Si excess. Interestingly, some GBs without Mg segregation develop a Mg-depletion zone along a single side. All evidences demonstrate that GB segregation and precipitation are responsible for HPT-induced grain refinement of Al-1Mg and Al-1Cu alloys but coarsening of the Al-1Si alloy. Engineering solute distribution is of significance in controlling the ultrafine grain of the Al alloys.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)102-113
Number of pages12
Issue number10 November
Early online date28 Mar 2024
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 28 Mar 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright: © 2024


  • Al alloys
  • Grain refinement
  • High pressure torsion
  • Precipitation
  • Segregation

Cite this