Improving Tapping Experience — and Why to Choose a Comprehensive Approach

Dean Gregurek, Christine Wenzl, Günter Unterreiter, Goran Vukovic, Hans Ulrich Marschall

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review


Tapping is an essential task in almost all furnaces in the metal-producing industry. The layout of the tap-hole and tapping process needs to be optimized for the individual process and furnace to ensure safe and efficient furnace operations. Various factors need to be considered for tap-hole and tapping design, in addition to the actual tapping procedure. Generally, tap-hole and tapping optimization is not a one-time task, but an ongoing improvement cycle, comprising evaluation and adaptation of geometries, materials, data and technologies, considering changing process parameters and use of new technologies. The present article describes methods and technologies to optimize tap-hole performance, tapping safety and efficiency.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3999–4008
Number of pages10
Issue number11
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 8 Jul 2022

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