In-Situ Observation of Steel/Slag/Inclusion Interaction by Means of High-Temperature Confocal Scanning Laser Microscopy

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Non-metallic inclusions (NMIs) in steels have been the focus of various experimental studies due to their detrimental character. While isolated processes, such as agglomeration or dissolution, have been well investigated, holistic in-situ views with high-temperature confocal scanning laser microscopy (HT-CSLM) have been rare. In this work a novel and suitable method is presented to simultaneously observe agglomeration, movement, detachment, and dissolution of non-metallic inclusions by combined the melting of steel and slag with a dual-crucible approach. Therefore, different steel/slag combinations were tested. It is shown that, with transparent that does not become tarnished by the ions stemming from the steel, the steel’s surface and non-metallic inclusions are observable. Furthermore, technological limitations are discussed, including restrictions regarding the melting point of steels and certain steel/slag combinations.
Original languageEnglish
Article number686
Number of pages11
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 30 Mar 2023

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