In-situ study of the dissolution of SiO2 inclusions in secondary steelmaking slags for the production of steel wire

Stefan Feichtinger

Research output: ThesisMaster's Thesis


Non-metallic inclusions are the main reason for steel wire breakage of highly demanding products like tire cord. Therefore efficient removal of non-metallic inclusions by top slags needs to be ensured. The present thesis deals with the dissolution behaviour of SiO2 in different slags. The first part of the present thesis gives an overview of the state of the art of inclusion control during the production of steel wires and of inclusion dissolution studies. The present work is the first to study the dissolution of SiO2 inclusions in steelmaking slags by high temperature-confocal scanning laser microscopy. Scatter of the measurements was reduced by using spherical glassy silica inclusions in the experiments. SEM-EDS analysis and calculation of the relevant phase diagram showed that reaction layers around the particle are not formed during the dissolution which allowed the focus to be kept on the dissolution mechanism. For the first time it was observed that the dissolution mechanism changes as a function of the slag composition. The slag viscosity can be identified as the main influence on reaction mechanism and dissolution time. A new adapted model based on approximations of the diffusion equation which allows the interpretation of changing reaction mechanisms is introduced. Moreover the SiO2 diffusion coefficients are calculated and a regression model for the prediction of the dissolution time of SiO2 in a low alumina slag is presented.
Translated title of the contributionIn-situ Untersuchung der Auflösung von SiO2-Einschlüssen in sekundärmetallurgischen Schlacken für die Produktion von Stahldraht
Original languageEnglish
  • Bernhard, Christian, Supervisor (internal)
  • Kang, Youn-Bae, Co-Supervisor (external), External person
  • Michelic, Susanne Katharina, Co-Supervisor (internal)
Award date22 Mar 2013
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Bibliographical note

embargoed until null


  • non-metallic inclusions
  • silica
  • SiO2
  • wire
  • tire cord
  • confocal microscope
  • dissolution
  • slags
  • low alumina
  • dissolution mechanism
  • diffusion

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