Macrosegregation Formation in an Al–Si Casting Sample with Cross-sectional Change During Directional Solidification

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A unidirectional solidification experiment of hypoeutectic Al-7.0 wt% Si alloy against gravity direction in a cylindrical mold with cross-sectional change was made, and the macrosegregation in different parts of the as-solidified sample was investigated (Ghods et al. in J Cryst Growth 441:107–116, 2016; J Cryst Growth 449:134–147, 2016). The current study is to use a two-phase columnar solidification model to analyze the segregation mechanisms as used in this experiment. Following flow phenomena and their contributions to the formation of macrosegregation are simulated and compared: (1) solidification shrinkage-induced feeding flow; (2) thermo-solutal convection; and (3) combined thermo-solutal convection and shrinkage-induced feeding flow. The shrinkage-induced feeding flow leads to an inverse (positive) segregation in the bottom part, and a severe negative segregation in the part below cross-sectional change. Thermo-solutal buoyancy leads to a so-called steepling convection in the main part of the sample (away from the bottom and cross-sectional change), and this kind of flow leads to a positive macrosegregation near the sample surface. The calculations have successfully explained the experimental result of macrosegregation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2639–2643
Number of pages5
JournalTransactions of the Indian Institute of Metals
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 6 Oct 2018


  • Directional solidification
  • Fluid flow
  • Macrosegregation
  • Shrinkage

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