Measurements methodologies for basic oxygen furnace cold modeling

Felipe Gonçalves, Mariana A. Ribeiro, Raquel Correa, Rubia Silva, Bernardo Braga, Breno T. Maia, Roberto Parreiras Tavares, Daniel A.G. De Carvalho, Johannes Schenk

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1 Citation (Scopus)


In the initial stage, as well as today, physical models are frequently applied for basic oxygen furnace (BOF) process development. BOF cold model simulations have as fundament the geometric, kinematic, and dynamic similarity. The dimensionless numbers warranty the similarity. Based on the similarity criteria, it is possible to transpose the laboratory results for the industry. Develop the right methodology to get precise measurements of proposed experiments is a critical step in cold modeling. Due to different characteristics available regarding cold modeling, the work summarized in this paper offer a literature review centered in measurements methodologies for BOF cold modeling and describes the methodologies developed at Processes Simulation Laboratory (LaSiP) to measure and define mixing time, mass transfer, jet penetration, decarburization area, slopping and projection rate on cold models.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)834-856
Number of pages23
JournalJournal of Materials Research and Technology
Issue numberJuly-August
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 4 May 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright: © 2021 The Author(s)


  • BOF
  • Cold simulation
  • Jet penetration
  • Mass transfer
  • Mixing time
  • Projection rate
  • Similarity criteria
  • Slopping

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