Microstructural characterization of a double pulse resistance spot welded 1200 Mpa TBF steel

Manfred Stadler, Martin Gruber, Ronald Schnitzer, Christina Hofer

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    In the automotive industry resistance, spot welding is the dominant technology in sheet metal joining of advanced high strength steels (AHSS). In order to improve the mechanical performance of AHSS welds, in-process tempering via a second pulse is a possible approach. In this work, two different double pulse welding schemes were applied to a 1200 MPa transformation-induced plasticity (TRIP)-aided bainitic ferrite (TBF) steel. The different microstructures in the welds were characterized via light optical and scanning electron microscopy. Additionally, hardness mappings with several hundred indents were performed. It is shown that the second pulse, following a low first pulse which is high enough to produce a weld nugget that fulfills the quality criterion of a minimum spot weld diameter of 4*√t, leads to partial reaustenitization and consequently to a ferritic/martensitic microstructure after final quenching. Hardness mappings revealed that this inner FZ is harder than the surrounding FZ consisting of tempered martensite. In contrast, if the highest current without splashing is chosen for the first pulse, the same second pulse does not reaustenitize the FZ but only temper the martensite.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)335-343
    Number of pages9
    JournalWelding in the world
    Issue number2
    Early online date8 Dec 2019
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2020

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    Publisher Copyright: © 2019, The Author(s).

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