Mn-promoted MoS2 catalysts for CO2 hydrogenation: enhanced methanol selectivity due to MoS2/MnOx interfaces

Gustavo A.S. Alves, Gernot Pacholik, Stephan Pollitt, Tobias Wagner, Raffael Rameshan, Christoph Rameshan, Karin Föttinger

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Considering the alarming scenario of climate change, CO2 hydrogenation to methanol is considered a key process for phasing out fossil fuels by means of CO2 utilization. In this context, MoS2 catalysts have recently shown to be promising catalysts for this reaction, especially in the presence of abundant basal-plane sulfur vacancies and due to synergistic mechanisms with other phases. In this work, Mn-promoted MoS2 prepared by a hydrothermal method presents considerable selectivity for CO2 hydrogenation to methanol in comparison with pure MoS2 and other promoters such as K and Co. Interestingly, if CO is used as a carbon source for the reaction, methanol production is remarkably lower, which suggests the absence of a CO intermediate during CO2 hydrogenation to methanol. After optimization of synthesis parameters, a methanol selectivity of 64% is achieved at a CO2 conversion of 2.8% under 180 °C. According to material characterization by X-ray Diffraction and X-ray Absorption, the Mn promoter is present mainly in the form of MnO and MnCO3 phases, with the latter undergoing convertion to MnO upon H2 pretreatment. However, following exposure to reaction conditions, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy suggests that higher oxidation states of Mn may be present at the surface, suggesting that the improved catalytic activity for CO2 hydrogenation to methanol arises from a synergy between MoS2 and MnOx at the catalyst surface.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1138-1147
Number of pages10
JournalCatalysis science & technology
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2 Feb 2024

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