Modellierung einer Festbettreaktorkaskade für die dynamische Methanisierung von Kuppelgasen mittels MATLAB® Simulink

Translated title of the contribution: Modeling of a fixed-bed reactor cascade for the dynamic methanation of co-produced steel mill gases using MATLAB® Simulink

Philipp Moser

Research output: ThesisMaster's Thesis

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The catalytic methanation of steel mill gases under dynamic conditions has great potential in reducing internal energy requirements and integrating renewable energies into the steel mill. For an economical and competitive power-to-gas process, the sub-steps are being modeled and simulated within the EU project i³upgrade with an intelligent control strategy. In the present thesis a model of the methanation plant with three fixed-bed reactors connected in series was created at the Chair of Process Technology and Environmental Protection using Matlab® Simulink, which is intended to represent the real behavior of the plant. The product gas stream and the catalyst temperature of each reactor were transferred to the control strategy as target variables. To allow a continuous communication with the control strategy, the outgoing gas streams of each reactor were calculated with experimentally determined H2, CO and CO2 turnovers. For a quick determination of the thermal load on the catalyst bed, the bed was considered to be homogeneous, reducing the temperature to one value. The dynamics of this model were represented by varying the gas hourly space velocities (GHSV). The model was validated with respect to the gas composition with experimental data and could be approximated to the original system with minimal deviations in the single-digit percentage range. The temperatures in the catalyst bed were evaluated qualitatively and have shown comprehensible results. To validate the steady-state temperatures and to account for additional dynamics in the way of varying hydrogen excesses, another model was created in Simulink. The model was empirically approximated to the original system using an unknown model parameter. The validation has shown an approximation of +/- 10 °C for the first and +/- 15 °C for the second reactor, whereas the third reactor depends on many external influences and could not be validated. Furthermore, the temperature profile over time could also be validated with experimental data.
Translated title of the contributionModeling of a fixed-bed reactor cascade for the dynamic methanation of co-produced steel mill gases using MATLAB® Simulink
Original languageGerman
Awarding Institution
  • Montanuniversität
  • Wolf-Zöllner, Philipp, Co-Supervisor (internal)
  • Lehner, Markus, Supervisor (internal)
Award date25 Jun 2021
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Bibliographical note

embargoed until null


  • Power-to-Gas
  • catalytic methanation
  • dynamic operation
  • transient conditions
  • bulk catalyst
  • fixed-bed reactor cascade
  • steel-mill gases
  • modelling
  • simulation
  • MATLAB® Simulink

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