On the Wear Behaviour of Bush Drive Chains: Part II—Performance Screening of Pin Materials and Lubricant Effects

Florian Summer, Philipp Bergmann, Florian Grün

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review


In this second part of the paper series, parameter investigations of the tribological system chain pin/bush contact, carried out on a specifically developed pin on bush plate model test technique, are presented. Both the pin material and the lubricant varied widely. In case of the pin materials, a Cr-N monolayer coating and a Cr-N-Fe-based multilayer coating were investigated. As for the lubricants used, two different performing engine oils from the field were tested as well as fresh oils, some of which were diluted with a soot surrogate (carbon black) and diesel fuel in different amounts. The results show, among other things, that friction and wear performance strongly depend on the combination of pin material and lubricant used. In this context, especially the Cr-N-Fe in combination with the used engine oils showed a high wear resistance and low friction losses compared to the Cr-N reference. In the case of fresh oils with soot, the friction losses were higher but comparable between the pin materials, and a slightly better wear performance of the Cr-N was observed due to an agglomeration effect of the soot surrogate. In general, it was found that especially soot-free oils show clear wear advantages independent of the pin material used. Thus, soot clearly has a wear-promoting component. The investigations of this study suggest that a leading mechanism that is based on a corrosive–abrasive effect in the tested system, but this is more related to the soot surrogate carbon black than engine soot.
Original languageEnglish
Article number157
Number of pages24
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 25 Mar 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright: © 2023 by the authors.


  • bush chain contact
  • CrN/CrNFe coating
  • pin/bush friction
  • soot
  • wear

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