Performance modulation through selective, homogenous surface doping of lanthanum strontium ferrite electrodes revealed by: In situ PLD impedance measurements

Christoph Riedl, Matthäus Siebenhofer, Andreas Nenning, Gernot Friedbacher, Maximilian Weiss, Christoph Rameshan, Johannes Bernardi, Andreas Limbeck, Markus Kubicek, Alexander Karl Opitz, Juergen Fleig

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2 Citations (Scopus)


Accelerating the oxygen reduction kinetics of solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) cathodes is crucial to improve their efficiency and thus to provide the basis for an economically feasible application of intermediate temperature SOFCs. In this work, minor amounts of Pt were doped into lanthanum strontium ferrite (LSF) thin film electrodes to modulate the material's oxygen exchange performance. Surprisingly, Pt was found to be incorporated on the B-site of the perovskite electrode as non metallic Pt4+. The polarization resistance of LSF thin film electrodes with and without additional Pt surface doping was compared directly after film growth employing in situ electrochemical impedance spectroscopy inside a PLD chamber (i-PLD). This technique enables observation of the polarization resistance of pristine electrodes unaltered by degradation or any external contamination of the electrode surface. Moreover, growth of multi-layers of materials with different compositions on the very same single crystalline electrolyte substrate combined with in situ impedance measurements allow excellent comparability of different materials. Even a 5 nm layer of Pt doped LSF (1.5 at% Pt), i.e. a Pt loading of 80 ng cm−2, improved the polarization resistance by a factor of about 2.5. In addition, p(O2) and temperature dependent impedance measurements on both pure and Pt doped LSF were performed in situ and obtained similar activation energies and p(O2) dependence of the polarization resistance, which allow us to make far reaching mechanistic conclusions indicating that Pt4+ introduces additional active sites.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2973-2986
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry A
Issue number6
Early online date3 Dec 2021
Publication statusPublished - 14 Feb 2022
Externally publishedYes

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