Phase Transformation Induced by High Pressure Torsion in the High-Entropy Alloy CrMnFeCoNi

Robert Chulist, Aurimas Pukenas, Paul Chekhonin, Anton Hohenwarter, Reinhard Pippan, Norbert Schell, Werner Skrotzki

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The forward and reverse phase transformation from face-centered cubic (fcc) to hexagonal close-packed (hcp) in the equiatomic high-entropy alloy (HEA) CrMnFeCoNi has been investigated with diffraction of high-energy synchrotron radiation. The forward transformation has been induced by high pressure torsion at room and liquid nitrogen temperature by applying different hydrostatic pressures and large shear strains. The volume fraction of hcp phase has been determined by Rietveld analysis after pressure release and heating-up to room temperature as a function of hydrostatic pressure. It increases with pressure and decreasing temperature. Depending on temperature, a certain pressure is necessary to induce the phase transformation. In addition, the onset pressure depends on hydrostaticity; it is lowered by shear stresses. The reverse transformation evolves over a long period of time at ambient conditions due to the destabilization of the hcp phase. The effect of the phase transformation on the microstructure and texture development and corresponding microhardness of the HEA at room temperature is demonstrated. The phase transformation leads to an inhomogeneous microstructure, weakening of the shear texture, and a surprising hardness anomaly. Reasons for the hardness anomaly are discussed in detail.
Original languageEnglish
Article number8407
Number of pages18
Journal Materials
Issue number15
Publication statusPublished - 25 Nov 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright: © 2022 by the authors.


  • high pressure torsion
  • high-entropy alloy
  • microstructure
  • phase transformation
  • strength
  • texture

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