Phase transformations and phase stability in the Ti–44 at.%Al–(0–7 at.%) Mo system

Michael Musi, Helmut Clemens, Andreas Stark, Peter Staron, Petra Spörk-Erdely

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review


Molybdenum is an excellent candidate to study the effect of β-stabilizing elements on the phase transitions in intermetallic γ-TiAl based alloys. In the present work, two model alloys based on the Ti–44Al (at.%) system containing 1 at.% and 5 at.% Mo are investigated. Examinations of the microstructures after casting and subsequent heat treatments reveal significant differences in the morphology and amount of the phases present and, thus, highlight the effect of Mo on the different phase transformations near and far from thermodynamic equilibrium. In-situ high-energy X-ray diffraction and differential scanning calorimetry were employed to identify the occurring phases and determine the phase transition temperatures in the two model alloys. Especially, the β phase was found to be strongly impacted by the Mo content of the alloys. While the β phase is only present at high temperatures in the Ti–44Al–1Mo alloy, it is thermodynamically stable from the liquidus temperature downwards to room temperature in the Ti–44Al–5Mo alloy. Long-term heat treatments for 30 days at 1000 °C were conducted to determine the phase equilibria at intermediate temperatures. Ultimately, the findings of this work were combined with data from literature to reassess the quasi-binary Ti–44Al–(0–7)Mo (at.%) phase diagram.

Original languageEnglish
Article number107484
Number of pages9
Issue numberApril
Early online date2 Feb 2022
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2022

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