Polymer nanocomposites with nanorods having different length distributions

Janak Sapkota, Anuja Shirole, E. Johan Foster, Julio Cesar Martinez Garcia, Marco Lattuada, Christoph Weder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aspect ratio of nanoparticles governs their percolation threshold in polymer composites, and thus exerts a significant influence on the materials properties. We explored how the combination of two rod-like particle types with different aspect ratio, but otherwise similar characteristics, affects the properties of nanocomposites. Using experimental data of composites made with two different cellulose nanocrystal (CNC) types, we show that a substantial fraction of the high-aspect-ratio CNCs can be substituted with the low-aspect-ratio nanoparticles without significantly affecting the properties. Exploring the boundary limits of aspect ratios, where random contact criterions and mean field approximations are valid, we formulated a generalized theoretical model that permits predicting the modulus of nanocomposites with two rod-like nanoparticle types having different length distributions. The model shows that the modulus of such nanocomposites is strongly weighted by the particles with higher aspect ratio.
Original languageEnglish
JournalPolymer
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 Dec 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Synergistic reinforcement
  • Cellulose Nanocomposites
  • Multifiller Composites
  • Cellulose Nanocrystals

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