Predicting strength of Finnish birch veneers based on three different failure criteria

Maximilian Pramreiter, Sabine C. Bodner, Jozef Keckes, Alexander Stadlmann, Florian Feist, Georg Baumann, Emad Maawad, Ulrich Müller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


The use of wood in high-performance composites based on laminated veneer products, plywood or wood hybrid elements thereof requires accurate prediction of strength of each individual ply. Previous research has shown that one dominating factor influencing the strength of birch veneers is the fibre orientation. The present study investigates the validity of the failure criteria after Tsai-Hill, Hoffmann and Kollmann for thin birch veneers under tensile loading. The fibre orientation in- and out-of-plane was measured by means of wide-angle X-ray scattering. Tensile strength and threshold values were determined in laboratory experiments. Pearson correlation between the predicted strength and actual strength ranged from 0.836 up to 0.883. Best correlation (r = 0.883) was achieved for Kollmann using a combined angle between in- and out-of-plane fibre orientation. It was shown that the failure criteria commonly used for manmade fibre reinforced composites are also applicable for thin birch veneers.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)847-856
Number of pages10
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 15 Mar 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright: © 2021 Maximilian Pramreiter et al., published by De Gruyter, Berlin/Boston.


  • Failure criteria
  • Fibre orientation
  • Non-destructive testing
  • Strength prediction
  • Wide angle X-ray scattering

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