Techno-Economic Assessment of H2-Supply for an Industrial Site

Lukas Wechner

Research output: ThesisMaster's Thesis

Abstract

To advance the mitigation of global warming by decarbonization, the industrial sector has to transform towards low emission energy sources. Green hydrogen is seen as an important part of this transformation. However, the absence of a well-established hydrogen transport infrastructure slows the implementation of production capacities and industrial applications. Moreover, investments in hydrogen infrastructure align close to the production of hydrogen and the industrial demand. Therefore, companies willing to transform toward clean energy have to make a strategic decision, if the supply should rely on regional infrastructure or if an investment in on-site production facilities should be considered. To support this decision-making process a calculation model is developed to evaluate the techno-economic concept for hydrogen supply of an industrial site. The model is created within the Python programming environment utilizing the Open Energy Modelling Framework ¿OEMOF¿. It is further supported by Excel spreadsheets to ease user interaction, result processing and graphical representation. The model can be tailored to investigate different scenarios focusing on on-site hydrogen production strategies through water electrolysis. Furthermore, an aboveground hydrogen storage as a flexibility option is taken into account evaluating the economic influence. The model is cost optimized by a mixed linear integer solver in regard of fluctuating electricity prices. Moreover, the flows, the capacities of the components component and their corresponding costs are determined to enable a detailed analysis. Additionally, an exemplary calculation is carried out by providing technical and economic parameters for hydrogen production in near future. Together with an electricity price profile and a load profile the influences on costs and on the operational strategy are determined. It turns out that the utilization of a hydrogen storage can reduce the hydrogen supply costs up to a certain point depending on the storage capacity. However, the implementation of larger hydrogen storage leads to a rise in hydrogen supply costs. Increasing the storage capacity by compressing or liquifying the hydrogen turned out to be not favourable under these assumptions. The electricity price was identified as the main cost driver necessitating a further expansion of renewable energy sources to reduce electricity prices and utilize fluctuations. For an industrial site with an annual hydrogen demand of 72 GWh the hydrogen supply costs for merchant hydrogen delivered by different transport routes and the on-site production lie within the same range. Depending on the underlying assumptions on-site production can be a competitive alternative for merchant hydrogen.
Translated title of the contributionTechno-ökonomische Konzeptbewertung der H2-Bereitstellung zur Versorgung eines Industriestandortes
Original languageEnglish
Awarding Institution
  • Montanuniversität
Supervisors/Advisors
  • Kienberger, Thomas, Supervisor (internal)
  • Cvetkovska, Roberta, Co-Supervisor (internal)
Award date28 Jun 2024
Publication statusPublished - 2024

Bibliographical note

no embargo

Keywords

  • Hydrogen Production
  • Hydrogen Transport
  • Electrolysis
  • Industrial Use of Hydrogen
  • Supply Costs
  • Cost Optimization
  • Hydrogen Storage Option
  • Renewable Energy Sources

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