Ultra-High Through-Cure of (Meth) Acrylate Copolymers via Photofrontal Polymerization

Catharina Ebner, Julia Mitterer, Paul Eigruber, Sebastian Stieger, Gisbert Rieß, Wolfgang Kern

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Photopolymerization offers substantial advantages in terms of time, temperature, energy consumption, and spatial control of the initiation. The application however is strongly limited due to the constrained penetration of light into thick films. Strategies to overcome the problem of limited curing depth, as well as to improve the curing of shadow areas, involve dual curing, frontal polymerization, and upconversion of particles. Whereas excellent results have been accomplished applying photofrontal polymerization on a theoretical level, few studies report on practical applications achieving high curing depth within short time. This study aims to investigate the potential of photofrontal polymerization, performed only with photoinitiator and light, for the fast and easy production of several-centimeter-thick (meth)acrylic layers. Monomer/ initiator systems were evaluated with respect to their optical density as well as photobleaching behavior. Moreover, depth-dependent polymerization was studied in specimens of varying monomer ratio and photoinitiator concentration. When an ideal photoinitiator concentration was selected, curing up to 52 mm in depth was accomplished within minutes.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1291
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2020


  • (meth)acrylate
  • Macromonomers
  • Photobleaching
  • Photofrontalpolymerization
  • Photopolymerization
  • TPO-L
  • Type I photoinitiator
  • Ultra-highthrough-cure

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