A Production Method for Standardized Continuous Fiber Reinforced FFF Filament

Publikationen: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftArtikelForschung(peer-reviewed)

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A Production Method for Standardized Continuous Fiber Reinforced FFF Filament. / Aburaia, Mohamed; Bucher, Christoph; Lackner, Maximilian; Gonzalez-Gutierrez, Joamin; Zhang, Haiguang; Lammer, Herfried.

in: Biomaterials and Medical Applications, Jahrgang 4, Nr. 1, 20.05.2020.

Publikationen: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftArtikelForschung(peer-reviewed)

Author

Aburaia, Mohamed ; Bucher, Christoph ; Lackner, Maximilian ; Gonzalez-Gutierrez, Joamin ; Zhang, Haiguang ; Lammer, Herfried. / A Production Method for Standardized Continuous Fiber Reinforced FFF Filament. in: Biomaterials and Medical Applications. 2020 ; Jahrgang 4, Nr. 1.

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@article{2a208a66973f4f8f89a896e8e10edd5d,
title = "A Production Method for Standardized Continuous Fiber Reinforced FFF Filament",
abstract = "Consumer Fused Filament Fabrication (FFF) desktop 3D printers are used for prototyping, spare parts and even small scale production, but produce parts with lower tensile strength than traditional manufacturing methods. High tensilecontinuous fibers increase filament composite strength, but poor fiber adhesion and pull-out are common weaknesses. The few commercially available continuous fiber reinforced (CFR) filaments are costly and only compatible with their manufacturer{\textquoteright}s machines.This work describes the development of a method and a rototype apparatus to produce standardized CFR filament, addressing the weaknesses of CFR thermoplastics while maintaining their compatibility with consumer 3D printers, and thereby achieving mechanical properties required for cost-effective small-scale productions.A bundle of raw carbon fiber is impregnated with a solution of thermoplastic and compatible solvent, improving the adhesion of the fibers to the thermoplastic and reducing fiber pull-out. The pre-treated fiber is then extrusion-coated with thermoplastic to achieve a standardized filament diameter. 1.75 mm PLA filament reinforced with 12k continuous carbon fiber and per-treated with an ABS- Acetone solution was produced.Parts and products ranging from small consumer goods to meter- sized airplane wing sections were successfully printed using a standard FFF extruder. Tensile tests showed a yield stress increase of 535% compared to plain PLA, and a 70%increase compared to filament produced with raw, untreated fibers. Further work is needed to determine the ideal fiber content, its distribution within the filament and the concentration of the solution.",
keywords = "Additive Manufacturing, Fused Filament Fabrication, Continous fiber, Carbon fiber",
author = "Mohamed Aburaia and Christoph Bucher and Maximilian Lackner and Joamin Gonzalez-Gutierrez and Haiguang Zhang and Herfried Lammer",
year = "2020",
month = may,
day = "20",
doi = "10.37532/bma.2020.4(1).123",
language = "English",
volume = "4",
journal = "Biomaterials and Medical Applications",
issn = "2577-0268",
number = "1",

}

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TY - JOUR

T1 - A Production Method for Standardized Continuous Fiber Reinforced FFF Filament

AU - Aburaia, Mohamed

AU - Bucher, Christoph

AU - Lackner, Maximilian

AU - Gonzalez-Gutierrez, Joamin

AU - Zhang, Haiguang

AU - Lammer, Herfried

PY - 2020/5/20

Y1 - 2020/5/20

N2 - Consumer Fused Filament Fabrication (FFF) desktop 3D printers are used for prototyping, spare parts and even small scale production, but produce parts with lower tensile strength than traditional manufacturing methods. High tensilecontinuous fibers increase filament composite strength, but poor fiber adhesion and pull-out are common weaknesses. The few commercially available continuous fiber reinforced (CFR) filaments are costly and only compatible with their manufacturer’s machines.This work describes the development of a method and a rototype apparatus to produce standardized CFR filament, addressing the weaknesses of CFR thermoplastics while maintaining their compatibility with consumer 3D printers, and thereby achieving mechanical properties required for cost-effective small-scale productions.A bundle of raw carbon fiber is impregnated with a solution of thermoplastic and compatible solvent, improving the adhesion of the fibers to the thermoplastic and reducing fiber pull-out. The pre-treated fiber is then extrusion-coated with thermoplastic to achieve a standardized filament diameter. 1.75 mm PLA filament reinforced with 12k continuous carbon fiber and per-treated with an ABS- Acetone solution was produced.Parts and products ranging from small consumer goods to meter- sized airplane wing sections were successfully printed using a standard FFF extruder. Tensile tests showed a yield stress increase of 535% compared to plain PLA, and a 70%increase compared to filament produced with raw, untreated fibers. Further work is needed to determine the ideal fiber content, its distribution within the filament and the concentration of the solution.

AB - Consumer Fused Filament Fabrication (FFF) desktop 3D printers are used for prototyping, spare parts and even small scale production, but produce parts with lower tensile strength than traditional manufacturing methods. High tensilecontinuous fibers increase filament composite strength, but poor fiber adhesion and pull-out are common weaknesses. The few commercially available continuous fiber reinforced (CFR) filaments are costly and only compatible with their manufacturer’s machines.This work describes the development of a method and a rototype apparatus to produce standardized CFR filament, addressing the weaknesses of CFR thermoplastics while maintaining their compatibility with consumer 3D printers, and thereby achieving mechanical properties required for cost-effective small-scale productions.A bundle of raw carbon fiber is impregnated with a solution of thermoplastic and compatible solvent, improving the adhesion of the fibers to the thermoplastic and reducing fiber pull-out. The pre-treated fiber is then extrusion-coated with thermoplastic to achieve a standardized filament diameter. 1.75 mm PLA filament reinforced with 12k continuous carbon fiber and per-treated with an ABS- Acetone solution was produced.Parts and products ranging from small consumer goods to meter- sized airplane wing sections were successfully printed using a standard FFF extruder. Tensile tests showed a yield stress increase of 535% compared to plain PLA, and a 70%increase compared to filament produced with raw, untreated fibers. Further work is needed to determine the ideal fiber content, its distribution within the filament and the concentration of the solution.

KW - Additive Manufacturing

KW - Fused Filament Fabrication

KW - Continous fiber

KW - Carbon fiber

U2 - 10.37532/bma.2020.4(1).123

DO - 10.37532/bma.2020.4(1).123

M3 - Article

VL - 4

JO - Biomaterials and Medical Applications

JF - Biomaterials and Medical Applications

SN - 2577-0268

IS - 1

ER -