Causes of the Gloss Transition Defect on High-Gloss Injection-Molded Surfaces

Publikationen: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftArtikelForschung(peer-reviewed)


Externe Organisationseinheiten

  • AJOU University
  • Seoul National University
  • Polymer Competence Center Leoben GmbH


The gloss transition defect of injection-molded surfaces should be mitigated because it
creates a poor impression of product quality. Conventional approaches for the suppression of the
gloss transition defect employ a trial-and-error approach and additional equipment. The causes of
the generation of a low-gloss polymer surface and the surface change during the molding process
have not been systematically analyzed. This article proposes the causes of the generation of a
low-gloss polymer surface and the occurrence of gloss transition according to the molding
condition. The changes in the polymer surface and gloss were analyzed using gloss and
topography measurements. The shrinkage of the polymer surface generates a rough topography
and low glossiness. Replication to the smooth mold surface compensates for the effect of surface
shrinkage and increases the surface gloss. The surface stiffness and melt pressure influence the
degree of mold surface replication. The flow front speed and mold temperature are the main factors
influencing the surface gloss because they affect the development rate of the melt pressure and the
recovery rate of the surface stiffness. Therefore, the mold design and process condition should be
optimized to enhance the uniformity of the flow front speed and mold temperature.


StatusVeröffentlicht - 15 Sep. 2020