Correlative cross-sectional characterization of nitrided, carburized and shot-peened steels: synchrotron micro-X-ray diffraction analysis of stress, microstructure and phase gradients

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Correlative cross-sectional characterization of nitrided, carburized and shot-peened steels : synchrotron micro-X-ray diffraction analysis of stress, microstructure and phase gradients. / Bodner, Sabine C.; Meindlhumer, Michael; Ziegelwanger, Tobias; Winklmayr, Haiko; Hatzenbichler, Thomas; Schindelbacher, Christoph; Sartory, Bernhard ; Krobath, Martin; Ecker, Werner; Schell, Norbert; Keckes, Jozef.

in: Journal of Materials Research and Technology, Jahrgang 11.2021, Nr. March-April, 03.02.2021, S. 1396-1410.

Publikationen: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftArtikelForschung(peer-reviewed)

Author

Bodner, Sabine C. ; Meindlhumer, Michael ; Ziegelwanger, Tobias ; Winklmayr, Haiko ; Hatzenbichler, Thomas ; Schindelbacher, Christoph ; Sartory, Bernhard ; Krobath, Martin ; Ecker, Werner ; Schell, Norbert ; Keckes, Jozef. / Correlative cross-sectional characterization of nitrided, carburized and shot-peened steels : synchrotron micro-X-ray diffraction analysis of stress, microstructure and phase gradients. in: Journal of Materials Research and Technology. 2021 ; Jahrgang 11.2021, Nr. March-April. S. 1396-1410.

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@article{2bba116a03db47a1b7221018e81aac54,
title = "Correlative cross-sectional characterization of nitrided, carburized and shot-peened steels: synchrotron micro-X-ray diffraction analysis of stress, microstructure and phase gradients",
abstract = "Mechanical properties of case modified steels depend decisively on the near-surface gradients of residual stresses, microstructures, phases and chemical composition, which are generated by the empirically well-established case-hardening techniques. Currently, however, to obtain the correlation between near-surface structure–property gradients, applied hardening process parameters and steels{\textquoteright} overall performance is a very challenging task. In this work, high-energy synchrotron cross-sectional X-ray diffraction (CSmicroXRD) using a pencil beam cross-section of 20 × 500 μm2 and complementary analytical techniques are used to characterize the surface-to-bulk gradient of (i) a plasma nitrided steel W300, (ii) a carburized case hardening steel (grade 18CrNiMo7-6) and (iii) a shot-peened high strength steel, type 300M. CSmicroXRD analysis reveals complex gradients of martensite and austenite phases, residual stresses in both phases, crystallographic texture and the evolution of diffraction peak broadening with a spatial resolution of ~20 μm. These parameters are correlated with the gradients of hardness, morphology-microstructure and with the changes in N and C concentrations and/or retained austenite formation/depletion in all three model samples. Finally, the correlative micro-analytics approach indicates the complexity of near surface structure-property relationships as well as the importance of innovative cross-sectional characterization, which allows for assessing gradual near-surface physical and/or chemical changes accompanying thermo-chemical and mechanical surface treatments.",
author = "Bodner, {Sabine C.} and Michael Meindlhumer and Tobias Ziegelwanger and Haiko Winklmayr and Thomas Hatzenbichler and Christoph Schindelbacher and Bernhard Sartory and Martin Krobath and Werner Ecker and Norbert Schell and Jozef Keckes",
note = "Publisher Copyright: {\textcopyright} 2021 The Authors",
year = "2021",
month = feb,
day = "3",
doi = "10.1016/j.jmrt.2021.01.099",
language = "English",
volume = "11.2021",
pages = "1396--1410",
journal = "Journal of Materials Research and Technology",
issn = "2238-7854",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "March-April",

}

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Correlative cross-sectional characterization of nitrided, carburized and shot-peened steels

T2 - synchrotron micro-X-ray diffraction analysis of stress, microstructure and phase gradients

AU - Bodner, Sabine C.

AU - Meindlhumer, Michael

AU - Ziegelwanger, Tobias

AU - Winklmayr, Haiko

AU - Hatzenbichler, Thomas

AU - Schindelbacher, Christoph

AU - Sartory, Bernhard

AU - Krobath, Martin

AU - Ecker, Werner

AU - Schell, Norbert

AU - Keckes, Jozef

N1 - Publisher Copyright: © 2021 The Authors

PY - 2021/2/3

Y1 - 2021/2/3

N2 - Mechanical properties of case modified steels depend decisively on the near-surface gradients of residual stresses, microstructures, phases and chemical composition, which are generated by the empirically well-established case-hardening techniques. Currently, however, to obtain the correlation between near-surface structure–property gradients, applied hardening process parameters and steels’ overall performance is a very challenging task. In this work, high-energy synchrotron cross-sectional X-ray diffraction (CSmicroXRD) using a pencil beam cross-section of 20 × 500 μm2 and complementary analytical techniques are used to characterize the surface-to-bulk gradient of (i) a plasma nitrided steel W300, (ii) a carburized case hardening steel (grade 18CrNiMo7-6) and (iii) a shot-peened high strength steel, type 300M. CSmicroXRD analysis reveals complex gradients of martensite and austenite phases, residual stresses in both phases, crystallographic texture and the evolution of diffraction peak broadening with a spatial resolution of ~20 μm. These parameters are correlated with the gradients of hardness, morphology-microstructure and with the changes in N and C concentrations and/or retained austenite formation/depletion in all three model samples. Finally, the correlative micro-analytics approach indicates the complexity of near surface structure-property relationships as well as the importance of innovative cross-sectional characterization, which allows for assessing gradual near-surface physical and/or chemical changes accompanying thermo-chemical and mechanical surface treatments.

AB - Mechanical properties of case modified steels depend decisively on the near-surface gradients of residual stresses, microstructures, phases and chemical composition, which are generated by the empirically well-established case-hardening techniques. Currently, however, to obtain the correlation between near-surface structure–property gradients, applied hardening process parameters and steels’ overall performance is a very challenging task. In this work, high-energy synchrotron cross-sectional X-ray diffraction (CSmicroXRD) using a pencil beam cross-section of 20 × 500 μm2 and complementary analytical techniques are used to characterize the surface-to-bulk gradient of (i) a plasma nitrided steel W300, (ii) a carburized case hardening steel (grade 18CrNiMo7-6) and (iii) a shot-peened high strength steel, type 300M. CSmicroXRD analysis reveals complex gradients of martensite and austenite phases, residual stresses in both phases, crystallographic texture and the evolution of diffraction peak broadening with a spatial resolution of ~20 μm. These parameters are correlated with the gradients of hardness, morphology-microstructure and with the changes in N and C concentrations and/or retained austenite formation/depletion in all three model samples. Finally, the correlative micro-analytics approach indicates the complexity of near surface structure-property relationships as well as the importance of innovative cross-sectional characterization, which allows for assessing gradual near-surface physical and/or chemical changes accompanying thermo-chemical and mechanical surface treatments.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85119201628&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jmrt.2021.01.099

DO - 10.1016/j.jmrt.2021.01.099

M3 - Article

VL - 11.2021

SP - 1396

EP - 1410

JO - Journal of Materials Research and Technology

JF - Journal of Materials Research and Technology

SN - 2238-7854

IS - March-April

ER -