Decoding short-term climatic variations from cave sediments over the mid-holocene: Implications for human occupation in the katarraktes cave system, Northern Greece

Publikationen: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftArtikelForschung(peer-reviewed)

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Decoding short-term climatic variations from cave sediments over the mid-holocene : Implications for human occupation in the katarraktes cave system, Northern Greece. / Pennos, Christos; Pechlivanidou, Sofia; Aidona, Elina; Bourliva, Anna; Lauritzen, Stein Erik; Scholger, Robert; Kantiranis, Nikolaos.

in: Zeitschrift fur Geomorphologie, Jahrgang 63, Nr. 1, 12.05.2021, S. 67-80.

Publikationen: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftArtikelForschung(peer-reviewed)

Author

Pennos, Christos ; Pechlivanidou, Sofia ; Aidona, Elina ; Bourliva, Anna ; Lauritzen, Stein Erik ; Scholger, Robert ; Kantiranis, Nikolaos. / Decoding short-term climatic variations from cave sediments over the mid-holocene : Implications for human occupation in the katarraktes cave system, Northern Greece. in: Zeitschrift fur Geomorphologie. 2021 ; Jahrgang 63, Nr. 1. S. 67-80.

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@article{75da0b7cc651465882bb82889aad6c53,
title = "Decoding short-term climatic variations from cave sediments over the mid-holocene: Implications for human occupation in the katarraktes cave system, Northern Greece",
abstract = "In this study we resolve the paleoclimatic variability and its impact onto human history over the Mid-Holocene in the Katarraktes Cave System, Northern Greece. The study area is one of the most important Early Bronze Age archaeological sites of the eastern Mediterranean and comprises a cave and an associate rockshelter, lying on the south flanks of the Krousovitis River canyon. We analyze a clastic sedimentary sequence preserved at the entrance of the Katarraktes Cave by combining sedimentological, mineralogical and geochemical data with magnetic parameter measurements and age constraints. Our results reveal that warm and wet climatic conditions prevail in the area during the Mid-Holocene that were interrupted by short-term cold and dry events. We show that the fluvial response to these climatic variations had a pronounced impact onto human activities, as continuous sedimentation by floodwaters within the cave until ~6600 BP prohibit early settlers from using the sheltered environment. However, high incision rates (~1.5 mm/yr) of the Krousovitis River favored the use of the rockshelter during the Mid- to Late Holocene. Our study demonstrates that the interplay between climate and surface processes was the key factor that controlled human occupation in this important archaeological site. ",
keywords = "Clastic cave sediments, Flood events, Magnetic susceptibility, Mid-Holocene, Northeast Mediterranean, Paleoclimate, clastic cave sediments, flood events, magnetic susceptibility, paleoclimate, northeast Mediterranean",
author = "Christos Pennos and Sofia Pechlivanidou and Elina Aidona and Anna Bourliva and Lauritzen, {Stein Erik} and Robert Scholger and Nikolaos Kantiranis",
note = "Publisher Copyright: {\textcopyright} 2021 Gebr. Borntraeger Verlagsbuchhandlung, Stuttgart, Germany.",
year = "2021",
month = may,
day = "12",
doi = "10.1127/zfg/2021/0680",
language = "English",
volume = "63",
pages = "67--80",
journal = "Zeitschrift f{\"u}r Geomorphologie : a journal recognized by the International Association of Geomorphologists (IAG) = Annals of geomorphology = Annales de g{\'e}omorphologie ",
issn = "0372-8854",
publisher = "E. Schweizerbart'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung",
number = "1",

}

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Decoding short-term climatic variations from cave sediments over the mid-holocene

T2 - Implications for human occupation in the katarraktes cave system, Northern Greece

AU - Pennos, Christos

AU - Pechlivanidou, Sofia

AU - Aidona, Elina

AU - Bourliva, Anna

AU - Lauritzen, Stein Erik

AU - Scholger, Robert

AU - Kantiranis, Nikolaos

N1 - Publisher Copyright: © 2021 Gebr. Borntraeger Verlagsbuchhandlung, Stuttgart, Germany.

PY - 2021/5/12

Y1 - 2021/5/12

N2 - In this study we resolve the paleoclimatic variability and its impact onto human history over the Mid-Holocene in the Katarraktes Cave System, Northern Greece. The study area is one of the most important Early Bronze Age archaeological sites of the eastern Mediterranean and comprises a cave and an associate rockshelter, lying on the south flanks of the Krousovitis River canyon. We analyze a clastic sedimentary sequence preserved at the entrance of the Katarraktes Cave by combining sedimentological, mineralogical and geochemical data with magnetic parameter measurements and age constraints. Our results reveal that warm and wet climatic conditions prevail in the area during the Mid-Holocene that were interrupted by short-term cold and dry events. We show that the fluvial response to these climatic variations had a pronounced impact onto human activities, as continuous sedimentation by floodwaters within the cave until ~6600 BP prohibit early settlers from using the sheltered environment. However, high incision rates (~1.5 mm/yr) of the Krousovitis River favored the use of the rockshelter during the Mid- to Late Holocene. Our study demonstrates that the interplay between climate and surface processes was the key factor that controlled human occupation in this important archaeological site.

AB - In this study we resolve the paleoclimatic variability and its impact onto human history over the Mid-Holocene in the Katarraktes Cave System, Northern Greece. The study area is one of the most important Early Bronze Age archaeological sites of the eastern Mediterranean and comprises a cave and an associate rockshelter, lying on the south flanks of the Krousovitis River canyon. We analyze a clastic sedimentary sequence preserved at the entrance of the Katarraktes Cave by combining sedimentological, mineralogical and geochemical data with magnetic parameter measurements and age constraints. Our results reveal that warm and wet climatic conditions prevail in the area during the Mid-Holocene that were interrupted by short-term cold and dry events. We show that the fluvial response to these climatic variations had a pronounced impact onto human activities, as continuous sedimentation by floodwaters within the cave until ~6600 BP prohibit early settlers from using the sheltered environment. However, high incision rates (~1.5 mm/yr) of the Krousovitis River favored the use of the rockshelter during the Mid- to Late Holocene. Our study demonstrates that the interplay between climate and surface processes was the key factor that controlled human occupation in this important archaeological site.

KW - Clastic cave sediments

KW - Flood events

KW - Magnetic susceptibility

KW - Mid-Holocene

KW - Northeast Mediterranean

KW - Paleoclimate

KW - clastic cave sediments

KW - flood events

KW - magnetic susceptibility

KW - paleoclimate

KW - northeast Mediterranean

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85108605431&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - https://puretest.unileoben.ac.at/portal/en/publications/decoding-shortterm-climatic-variations-from-cave-sediments-over-the-midholocene(75da0b7c-c651-4658-82bb-82889aad6c53).html

U2 - 10.1127/zfg/2021/0680

DO - 10.1127/zfg/2021/0680

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85108605431

VL - 63

SP - 67

EP - 80

JO - Zeitschrift für Geomorphologie : a journal recognized by the International Association of Geomorphologists (IAG) = Annals of geomorphology = Annales de géomorphologie

JF - Zeitschrift für Geomorphologie : a journal recognized by the International Association of Geomorphologists (IAG) = Annals of geomorphology = Annales de géomorphologie

SN - 0372-8854

IS - 1

ER -