Developed emulsification in porous media flow

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Developed emulsification in porous media flow. / Kharrat, Ahmad; Brandstätter, Bianca; Borji, Mostafa; Fritz-Popovski, Gerhard; Paris, Oskar; Ott, Holger.

International Symposium of the Society of Core Analysts: SCA 2021. 2021. S. 349-357.

Publikationen: Beitrag in Buch/Bericht/KonferenzbandBeitrag in Konferenzband

Harvard

Kharrat, A, Brandstätter, B, Borji, M, Fritz-Popovski, G, Paris, O & Ott, H 2021, Developed emulsification in porous media flow. in International Symposium of the Society of Core Analysts: SCA 2021. S. 349-357, International Symposium of the Society of Core Analysts, 13/09/21.

APA

Kharrat, A., Brandstätter, B., Borji, M., Fritz-Popovski, G., Paris, O., & Ott, H. (2021). Developed emulsification in porous media flow. in International Symposium of the Society of Core Analysts: SCA 2021 (S. 349-357)

Vancouver

Kharrat A, Brandstätter B, Borji M, Fritz-Popovski G, Paris O, Ott H. Developed emulsification in porous media flow. in International Symposium of the Society of Core Analysts: SCA 2021. 2021. S. 349-357

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@inproceedings{870441adc4894653a53248824a45a832,
title = "Developed emulsification in porous media flow",
abstract = "With the use of surfactants, the interfacial tension between oil and water can be lowered to a degree that solubilisation of oil by injection water leads to a near-miscible displacement. However, the resulting emulsification depends on the mechanisms of how the two phases contact each other and ultimately on the mixing, respectively, flow regime. While in classical test tube experiments, mixing might be turbulent, under laminar flow conditions in a porous medium, miscibility may slowly develop over time, depending on dispersive mechanisms facilitating the contact between the phases.The present study investigates the developed miscibility during surfactant flooding. We perform microfluidic experiments with generic fluids and surfactant and salt concentrations, as reported in earlier studies. We observe emulsification and oil displacement in-situ and under flow conditions by optical and fluorescence microscopy. Additionally, emulsion phases were characterized by ex-situ auxiliary measurements to determine the principal phase behaviour, interfacial tension and droplet sizes.During displacement, a sequence of displacement mechanisms and emulsion phases were observed, with the exact mechanism depending on the water salinity as a tuning parameter. At the leading front, a slight capillary instability is observed, microscopically bypassing oil and hence forming residual oil clusters. This effect is minimized at optimum salinity, leading to the best displacement efficiency. The front is followed by a phase that may be described as foam-like before a connected emulsion phase appears solubilizing ultimately remaining oil behind the displacement front. This foam-like structure facilitates a patchy, non-uniform emulsion phase with respect to phase composition (oil in water concentration). On the way to the connected emulsion phase, events are observed, that may be described as the coalescence of water droplets or alternatively, as a collapsing foam phase. The complex spatial and temporal phase distributions may cause complex flow properties at the displacement front with respect to fluid-phase mobility, which requires additional research. In the presentation, we discuss a first characterization attempt.",
keywords = "Emulsion, SAXS, Porous media flow, Foam, Surfactant flooding",
author = "Ahmad Kharrat and Bianca Brandst{\"a}tter and Mostafa Borji and Gerhard Fritz-Popovski and Oskar Paris and Holger Ott",
year = "2021",
month = sep,
day = "15",
language = "English",
pages = "349--357",
booktitle = "International Symposium of the Society of Core Analysts",
note = "International Symposium of the Society of Core Analysts ; Conference date: 13-09-2021 Through 16-09-2021",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - GEN

T1 - Developed emulsification in porous media flow

AU - Kharrat, Ahmad

AU - Brandstätter, Bianca

AU - Borji, Mostafa

AU - Fritz-Popovski, Gerhard

AU - Paris, Oskar

AU - Ott, Holger

PY - 2021/9/15

Y1 - 2021/9/15

N2 - With the use of surfactants, the interfacial tension between oil and water can be lowered to a degree that solubilisation of oil by injection water leads to a near-miscible displacement. However, the resulting emulsification depends on the mechanisms of how the two phases contact each other and ultimately on the mixing, respectively, flow regime. While in classical test tube experiments, mixing might be turbulent, under laminar flow conditions in a porous medium, miscibility may slowly develop over time, depending on dispersive mechanisms facilitating the contact between the phases.The present study investigates the developed miscibility during surfactant flooding. We perform microfluidic experiments with generic fluids and surfactant and salt concentrations, as reported in earlier studies. We observe emulsification and oil displacement in-situ and under flow conditions by optical and fluorescence microscopy. Additionally, emulsion phases were characterized by ex-situ auxiliary measurements to determine the principal phase behaviour, interfacial tension and droplet sizes.During displacement, a sequence of displacement mechanisms and emulsion phases were observed, with the exact mechanism depending on the water salinity as a tuning parameter. At the leading front, a slight capillary instability is observed, microscopically bypassing oil and hence forming residual oil clusters. This effect is minimized at optimum salinity, leading to the best displacement efficiency. The front is followed by a phase that may be described as foam-like before a connected emulsion phase appears solubilizing ultimately remaining oil behind the displacement front. This foam-like structure facilitates a patchy, non-uniform emulsion phase with respect to phase composition (oil in water concentration). On the way to the connected emulsion phase, events are observed, that may be described as the coalescence of water droplets or alternatively, as a collapsing foam phase. The complex spatial and temporal phase distributions may cause complex flow properties at the displacement front with respect to fluid-phase mobility, which requires additional research. In the presentation, we discuss a first characterization attempt.

AB - With the use of surfactants, the interfacial tension between oil and water can be lowered to a degree that solubilisation of oil by injection water leads to a near-miscible displacement. However, the resulting emulsification depends on the mechanisms of how the two phases contact each other and ultimately on the mixing, respectively, flow regime. While in classical test tube experiments, mixing might be turbulent, under laminar flow conditions in a porous medium, miscibility may slowly develop over time, depending on dispersive mechanisms facilitating the contact between the phases.The present study investigates the developed miscibility during surfactant flooding. We perform microfluidic experiments with generic fluids and surfactant and salt concentrations, as reported in earlier studies. We observe emulsification and oil displacement in-situ and under flow conditions by optical and fluorescence microscopy. Additionally, emulsion phases were characterized by ex-situ auxiliary measurements to determine the principal phase behaviour, interfacial tension and droplet sizes.During displacement, a sequence of displacement mechanisms and emulsion phases were observed, with the exact mechanism depending on the water salinity as a tuning parameter. At the leading front, a slight capillary instability is observed, microscopically bypassing oil and hence forming residual oil clusters. This effect is minimized at optimum salinity, leading to the best displacement efficiency. The front is followed by a phase that may be described as foam-like before a connected emulsion phase appears solubilizing ultimately remaining oil behind the displacement front. This foam-like structure facilitates a patchy, non-uniform emulsion phase with respect to phase composition (oil in water concentration). On the way to the connected emulsion phase, events are observed, that may be described as the coalescence of water droplets or alternatively, as a collapsing foam phase. The complex spatial and temporal phase distributions may cause complex flow properties at the displacement front with respect to fluid-phase mobility, which requires additional research. In the presentation, we discuss a first characterization attempt.

KW - Emulsion

KW - SAXS

KW - Porous media flow

KW - Foam

KW - Surfactant flooding

M3 - Conference contribution

SP - 349

EP - 357

BT - International Symposium of the Society of Core Analysts

T2 - International Symposium of the Society of Core Analysts

Y2 - 13 September 2021 through 16 September 2021

ER -