Differential apoptotic response of MC3T3-E1 pre-osteoblasts to biodegradable magnesium alloys in an in vitro direct culture model

Forschungsoutput: Forschung - (peer-reviewed)Artikel

Autoren

  • Ehsan Bonyadi Rad
  • Sepideh Mostofi
  • Patrick Schmutz
  • Magdalena Pawelkiewicz
  • Regine Willumeit-Römer
  • Ute Schäfer
  • Annelie Weinberg

Externe Organisationseinheiten

  • Medical University Graz
  • Empa – Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology
  • Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht

Abstract

The biodegradable magnesium-based implants have been widely utilized in medical orthopedic applications in recent years. We have recently shown that direct culture on Pure Mg and Mg2Ag alloys lead to a progressive differentiation impairment of MC3T3-E1 pre-osteoblasts. In this study, we aimed to analyze the apoptotic reaction of MC3T3-E1 cells in response to the direct culture on Pure Mg, Mg2Ag and Extreme High Pure Mg (XHP Mg) alloy samples. Our results demonstrated that long-term culturing of MC3T3-E1 cells on Pure Mg and Mg2Ag alloys induce time-dependent expression of active caspase-3 (active casp-3) and cleaved PARP-1 (cl. PARP-1), the hallmark of apoptosis reactions concomitant with a significant increase in the number of dead cells. However, direct culture on XHP Mg material results in a lower number of dead cells in comparison to Pure Mg and Mg2Ag alloys. Furthermore, XHP Mg materials influence expression of apoptotic markers in a process resembles that of observed in osteogenic condition apparently indicative of MC3T3-E1 osteodifferentiation. This study indicates that Mg alloy samples mediated differential apoptotic reactions of MC3T3-E1 cells can be ascribed to factors such as distinct topography and hydrophobicity features of Mg material surfaces, contrasting nature/composition of corrosion products as well as different impurities of these materials. Therefore, initial Mg alloys surface preparation, controlling the growth and composition of corrosion products and Mg alloys purity enhancement are necessary steps towards optimizing the Mg alloys usage in medical orthopedic applications.

Details

OriginalspracheEnglisch
Seitenumfang11
ZeitschriftJournal of materials science / Materials in medicine
Band28
Ausgabennummer155
DOIs
StatusVeröffentlicht - 5 Sep 2017